sembra avere solo vantaggi sia per la comunità scientifica sia per i governi.
Ciò che è nato come movimento d’opinione si sta evolvendo in iniziative più
strutturate, a livello istituzionale ed editoriale. Il dilemma è: motivare gli autori o obbligarli? Una panoramica dello stato dell’arte in Brasile, in India e in Europa. Si collegherà in videoconferenza Stevan Harnad, promotore dell’accesso aperto alla letteratura scientifica di fama internazionale.
Open Access, let's
do it: top down, bottom up or both? Open Access seems to hold advantages for the scientific community and for the general public as well as for governments. The former opinion movement is now evolving into more structured initiatives promoted by institutions and publishers. The question is: to motivate or to mandate? An overview of the state of the art in Brazil, in India and in Europe, with a keynote by Stevan Harnad from Canada.
"Mandate Open Access to Maximising Research Progress"
L’open access è di
interesse esclusivo per ricercatori e scienziati? Oppure ha un impatto sulla gente comune e sulla vita di tutti i giorni? Se la ricerca è finanziata con i soldi pubblici, l’accesso ai suoi risultati non dovrebbe essere libero? Derek Law e Sely Costa si
confrontano su questo tema dando vita a un dibattito simulato in cui i relatori interpretano dei ruoli prestabiliti.
Open Access for
i.e. is Open Access a matter of interest only for researchers and scientists? Or else does it impact on common people and their everyday lives and how? Is open access a right for taxpayers? In other words if research is publicly financed shouldn’t the access to the results of research be free?
Derek Law and Sely Costa conduct a mock debate on these issues.
Research is funded by public taxes in order to provide benefits for the public in the form of the growth of knowledge and applications. The reason universities and research funders mandate that researchers must "publish or perish" is that research findings that are not published cannot be used to contribute to the growth of knowledge and applications. But even published research is not accessible to all its potential users because no university or research institution can afford to subscribe to all or even most of the 25,000 research journals that exist across all fields. The digital online era has now made it possible to make all research articles accessible to all potential users. For this reason, universities and research funders (such as Harvard, NIH and Istituto Superiore di Sanità) are now extending their "publish or perish" mandates: It is no longer enough to publish one's research findings. The authors must make them Open Access by self-archiving them in their university's Open Access Repository. Studies have already shown that the impact of research in all fields is doubled if it is made Open Access. OA self-archiving needs to be mandated by universities and funders worldwide.