La escultura de acero de 28 metros de altura creada por Sebastián (Enrique Carbajal González), inspirado en la tradición olmeca, representa una cabeza de caballo instalada el 15 de enero de 1992 en el Paseo de la Reforma de la Ciudad de México.
El monumento reemplazó a la estatua de Carlos IV de España removida en 1979, y sirve como chimenea de vapor del canal de drenaje subterráneo con la intención de no degradar la imagen del Paseo. Así que ya no es un Caballo de finales del siglo XVIII, sino un caballo moderno que el escultor Sebastián sitúa en el mismo lugar que durante más de un siglo albergó el del artista Manuel Tolsá.
Un nuevo corcel de gran vigor y color vivo, como se espera será el camino a seguir hacia un destino ojalá “noble”, como es la estación final indicada en el autobús. Para este viaje, sin embargo, también América Latina, como sugiere la imagen, deberá dotarse de nuevos instrumentos y nuevos medios.
Foto de portada: El Caballito, oficialmente Cabeza de caballo, escultura de Sebastián (Enrique Carbajal González), foto di Andres Ordaz Vega, Pexels, Mexico
Browsing Visioni Latinoamericane 29 (2023) by Issue Date
The election of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Amlo) as president of Mexico was the result of the aspiration for change expressed by a part of Mexican society, fragmented by violence and corruption. In the facts, however, his leadership includes traits of populism that demonstrate his difficulty in successfully dealing with the same criminal violence and the same social inequalities that led him to the presidency.
The author considers the emergence of rural and community tourism in the Argentine village of Yariguar-enda. She reflects on implementing some policies aimed at the indigenous population and on the gradual affirmation of the enhancement of cultural diversity, albeit in a context with a robust neoliberal incidence. She also examines the tensions between the struggle to recover
Thinking about the future of Latin America means considering the latest events and the role of the younger generations. Elements that interface with political, social, economic, etc. issues and that suggest that an approach to life is establishing itself among young people which allows them to be central in the dispute for the future.
The essay underlies that Max Weber’s ideas have been received in different ways in the various sociological schools in Latin America. His representation of the ideal type of a bureaucracy has been uniformly found con-sistent with the actual situations all around the continent. However, several authors vainly expected from him a general theory which could be adequately applied to the political processes characterizing the various nations in the continent. In particular, his two basic contributions to the philosophy of science (Wertbeziehung and Verursa-chung) have received much less attention than is concept of Wertfreiheit, loosely adopted by neo-positivists in order to justify their disinterest for class struggle and other social conflicts.
The authors examine the relationship between the electoral participation of the Colombian diaspora and the social and political transformations that Colombia has experienced in recent years, including the signing of the peace agreement with the Farc-Ep, social protests and the election of the first leftist president. Through the analysis of electoral results in different countries, they highlight the changes in the participation and political orientation of Colombians abroad. They also incorporate the concept of political remittances to better understand the factors driving these changes and their impact on the country’s political and social dynamics.
The authors reflect on the anti-democratic acts that took place in Brasilia in January 2023, after the inauguration of President Lula. Their analysis highlights on the one hand the need, in the short term, to repress such behavior using the current provisions of the Brazilian legal system, and on the other to invest, especially in the medium-long term, in education, school, education, civic training as a conditio sine qua non for the promotion of democracy.
The author analyzes the relationship between de-democratization and memory politics, taking into account what happened between 2016 and 2022 in Brazil. He examines the outcomes and limits of the memory policies acti-vated in the country also in relation to the changes introduced by the recent political situation.