This essay focuses 011 the essential chro110/ogy cmd the most sign(/icant historiographical questions conceming Socialism in the earlv postwaryears in Trieste until the march on Rome. My analysis has been conducted on two socialist newspapers of the time, «Il Lavoratore» and «Il Lavoratore socialista>>. The First World War and its consequences has a deep infuence also on the Socialisl movement in the transition from the Austro-Hungarian Empire to the after war Italian administration in the Eastern border of Italy. This study of its elaborate history intends to contribute to clarify the political and social events of the postwar years in Trieste and its territory.
Nation as a monolithic and uniform historical subject represented the main object of European national master narratives over the 20th century. Conversely, critical historiography acknowledged the importance of nation as a historiographical subject, but refused the idea of nation unity in space and time and underlined the importance of spatiality for the formation of collective identities. This paper analyzes two examples of such critical literature: Litwa (1908) by Michał Römer and Irredentismo Adriatico (1912) by Angelo Vivante.
The army has always personified the order and discipline. In the bourgeois era it became an important harbinger of the new hygiene standards and the fight against degeneration as a result of the abuse of alcohol, tabacco and sexually transmitted diseases. This paper deals with the teachings that were availahle to soldiers in various handbooks and brochures. It also describes the differences between the informatìon given to ltalian or Slovenian soldiers and the influence these prevention campaigns had on society as a whole.