This volume contains 21 papers presented at Sessions 1 (The Neolithic–Chalcolithic transition in Upper Mesopotamia. Subsistence strategies, economy, society and identity; key note speaker M. Frangipane) and 2 (The Levant in the Bronze Age: crossroad or frontier between different cultures?; key note speaker A. Maeir) of the 5th edition of the “Broadening Horizons” Conference, which was held at the University of Udine from 5th to 8th June 2017. Broadening Horizons is an international meeting that aims to offer an opportunity for relatively informal discussion, especially (though not exclusively) for young/early
career archaeologists specialized in the ancient Near East and disciplines relevant to the main theme of each congress session. All the papers have passed a double blind peer-review process and provide significant contributions on a number of topics – among which material culture (e.g. pottery tradition and architecture), settlement pattern, social changes, cultural transmission and economic dynamics – that are of fundamental importance for the archaeology of Mesopotamia and the Levant.
Marco Iamoni is a research fellow at the Department of Humanities and Cultural Heritage of the University of Udine. He has been working in the Middle East since 1999, with excavations and surveys conducted in Syria (in particular at Qatna and Palmyra), Oman, Lebanon and Iraq (Kurdistan Region). He has authored several scientific works, among which a monograph entitled “The Late MBA and LBA Pottery Horizons at Qatna. Innovation and Conservation in the Ceramic Tradition of a Regional Capital and the Implications for Second Millennium Syrian Chronology” published in 2012 by Forum Editrice as the second volume in the series “Studi Archeologici su Qatna”. He has recently begun two joint research projects in Lebanon (the Northern Lebanon Project) and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (the Asingeran Excavation Project), that involve direct field investigations regarding his two current major research areas: the development of Bronze Age societies in the Levant and Western Syria, and the
onset and rapid growth of socio-economic complexity in Upper Mesopotamia.
Browsing 2. From the Prehistory of Upper Mesopotamia to the Bronze and Iron Age Societies of the Levant. Volume 1 by Subject "Bread"
The subject of this paper is the study of a pottery shape known as the “husking tray”, whose functional interpretation
is the main topic of my doctoral research.
The husking trays are usually very large trays, made of a coarsely straw-tempered clay, characterized by a very
wide oval base and low sides; they were used by the communities living in Northern Mesopotamia during the
seventh and the first half of the sixth millennium BC.
The most interesting feature of this kind of vessel is the presence of incisions and impressions on their interior
Several scholars have suggested various hypotheses about how the husking trays could have been used and what
specific function they could have had, but these suggestions have remained merely theories so far.
In the paper it will show a first experimental analysis which has revealed that the husking trays could have been
pans used to bake bread and the incisions/impressions on their inner surface could have been anti-adhesive