In this paper we study the periodic boundary value problem associated with a first order ODE of the form x' + g(t, x) = s where s is a real parameter and g is a continuous function, T-periodic in the variable t. We prove an Ambrosetti-Prodi type result in which the classical uniformity condition on g(t, x) at infinity is considerably relaxed. The Carathéodory case is also discussed.
We are concerned with multiplicity and bifurcation results for solutions of nonlinear second order diff erential equations with general linear part and periodic boundary conditions. We impose asymptotic conditions on the nonlinearity and let the parameter vary. We then proceed to establish a priori estimates and prove multiplicity results (for large-norm solutions) when the parameter belongs to a (nontrivial) continuum of real numbers. Our results extend and complement those in the literature. The proofs are based on degree theory, continuation methods, and bifurcation from infinity techniques.