Fin dal XV secolo l’Italia è stata una nazione privilegiata per i collezionisti,
che non hanno tardato a porre le loro collezioni a disposizione del pubblico;
ciò accadde in modo particolare nella Repubblica di Venezia con la famiglia
Grimani che creò il primo museo pubblico italiano. A partire da tale momento,
accanto alle collezioni di quadri e di antichità varie si aggiunge quello di monete
e medaglie ad opera delle maggiori famiglie venete. Contemporaneamente si
diffonde una editoria specifica volta ad illustrare queste collezioni. Le raccolte
di numismatica divengono così sempre più specchio della realtà sociale,
politica ed economica, che alla fine del Settecento cambia in tutta Europa e nel
caso della Repubblica Veneta porta alla sua dissoluzione come Stato. Tuttavia
alcune raccolte sopravvivono anche nel secolo successivo e talune sono giunte
fino a noi nelle raccolte pubbliche locali, alimentando un flusso che dal privato
passa al pubblico sempre vivo nella coscienza della migliore società veneta
ed italiana in particolare. Abbiamo quindi nelle pagine di questo libro uno
spaccato di un fenomeno culturale e sociale che ha lasciato un segno in una
determinata epoca della storia culturale di Venezia, il Settecento: un secolo di
grandi raggiungimenti artistici e scientifici ed anche del massimo splendore
della Repubblica Serenissima in molti settori della sua vita culturale, in cui la
numismatica nei suoi diversi aspetti occupa un posto particolare e significativo.
Andrea Gariboldi, laureato in Lettere e Filosofia con tesi in Numismatica
e specializzato in Archeologia presso l’Università degli Studi di Milano, ha
poi conseguito il titolo di Dottore di Ricerca presso l’Università di Bologna.
Attualmente è Ricercatore (RTD) in Numismatica dell’Università degli Studi
di Trieste. Si occupa principalmente di numismatica classica e orientale, di
economia antica e storia del collezionismo. Tra le sue numerose pubblicazioni: Il
ripostiglio di Montecalvo (Pavia) 1923. Antoniniani di Gallieno e Claudio II Gotico,
Milano 2001; Il regno di Xusraw dall’anima immortale. Riforme economiche e rivolte
sociali nell’Iran sasanide del VI secolo, Milano 2009; Sasanian Coinage and History. The Civic Numismatic Collection of Milan, Costa Mesa California 2010; Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Tajikistan. Sasanian Coins and their Imitations from Sogdiana and Tocharistan, Vienna 2017; per EUT ha curato il volume: Luis de Molina. Trattato sulla giustizia e il diritto. I contratti di cambio: dispute 396-410. Il valore della moneta e i banchieri nell’Impero spagnolo del XVI sec., Trieste 2016; è autore di: La raccolta numismatica di Girolamo Mancini: dalla Cortona etrusca all’Italia risorgimentale, con un saggio di Monia Bigucci, Trieste 2021.
Browsing 15. Collezionisti e collezioni di antichità e di numismatica a Venezia nel Settecento. Atti del convegno del 6-7 dicembre 2019 by Title
This paper presents 18 letters sent by Marquess Antonio Savorgnan to Joseph Khell for the first time. The documents are kept in the archives of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. They attest to the sender’s wide network of correspondents and interest in Greek coinage. In particular, they contain information on some coins kept in the Savorgnan collection, which were published by Khell and, after his demise, by Joseph Eckhel. An appendix at the end of the article provides a catalogue of the coins described in the letters.
This paper deals with the impact of the Hubertus Goltzius’ works on numismatists and coin collectors in the 17th-18th centuries. The widespread availability of Goltzius’ books in private and public libraries, frequent citations in numismatic and non-numismatic writings, positive opinions expressed by some influential authors show the very important role played by Goltzius in the respublica litterarum before the hard criticism of Hilarius Eckhel at the end of 18th century.
The Persico family acquired the noble status only in 1685, thanks to the fortune accumulated in the silk fabrics shop opened in Mercerie by Giuseppe Persico, who had come to Venice from the Bergamo valleys at a young age. The most prominent member of the entire family was undoubtedly Pietro Persico (1745- 1802), who devoted entirely himself to the political and administrative life of the Republic, holding numerous offices until he was appointed senator in 1789. At the peak of his life he gathered an important collection of Roman coins: the little information handed down by Giannantonio Moschini is complemented by the letters of Barnaba Vaerini and by the finding of Persico’s catalogue of small bronze coins drafted in 1793.
In Verona, numismatic collecting had its premises in the fourteenth century. In the Renaissance, Mario Bevilacqua surpassed his fellow citizens for the value of his collection, including several hundred high quality coins. In the circle of followers of Scipione Maffei we find Giuseppe Venturi, Leonardo Targa, Jacopo Muselli and Jacopo Verità. From their master they received, among other things, the pleasure of collecting coins and arranging them into chronological series and classes, with clearly defined categories. Some unpublished letters, sent by Muselli to Francois Séguier, illustrate the attempts to distribute its catalogs in France and to receive coins through that channel. Among antiquarians and numismatists, Jacopo Muselli was the only one who pursued a systematic numismatic classification based on the same criteria as the major numismatists of his time.
Fin dal XV secolo l’Italia è stata una nazione privilegiata per i collezionisti, che non hanno tardato a porre le loro collezioni a disposizione del pubblico; ciò accadde in modo particolare nella Repubblica di Venezia con la famiglia Grimani che creò il primo museo pubblico italiano. A partire da tale momento, accanto alle collezioni di quadri e di antichità varie si aggiunge quello di monete e medaglie ad opera delle maggiori famiglie venete. Contemporaneamente si diffonde una editoria specifica volta ad illustrare queste collezioni. Le raccolte di numismatica divengono così sempre più specchio della realtà sociale, politica ed economica, che alla fine del Settecento cambia in tutta Europa e nel caso della Repubblica Veneta porta alla sua dissoluzione come Stato. Tuttavia alcune raccolte sopravvivono anche nel secolo successivo e talune sono giunte fino a noi nelle raccolte pubbliche locali, alimentando un flusso che dal privato passa al pubblico sempre vivo nella coscienza della migliore società veneta ed italiana in particolare. Abbiamo quindi nelle pagine di questo libro uno spaccato di un fenomeno culturale e sociale che ha lasciato un segno in una determinata epoca della storia culturale di Venezia, il Settecento: un secolo di grandi raggiungimenti artistici e scientifici ed anche del massimo splendore della Repubblica Serenissima in molti settori della sua vita culturale, in cui la numismatica nei suoi diversi aspetti occupa un posto particolare e significativo.
Venice was a great center of glyptic production in the eighteenth century: yet it is difficult to recreate this complex and articulated reality with precision. This contribution reconstructs famous collections of gems, such as those of Anton Maria Zanetti, Joseph Smith and Richard Worsley; or little known, of which there are only traces, such as that of Bartolomeo Vitturi. The production of engravers in Venice is reassembled: valid artistic personalities, then esteemed, socially well integrated, instead now neglected, little studied; of their works there is almost nothing left. Some engravers traveled and settled in other cities in search of experiences and clients. Various gems of the best known, a model for engravers, preserved in prestigious collections, but mostly dispersed, are also examined. The result is an extremely rich and varied glyptic environment, characterized by intense relationships between collectors and engravers.
This paper examines the genesis, consistency and dispersion of the epigraphic collection of the Venetian abbot Onorio Arrigoni (1668?-1758). This group of inscriptions, formerly housed in the abbot’s home in Fondamenta de la Sensa in the Cannaregio district, has never been the object of any specific study, although it included over thirty inscribed monuments, most of which came from the antiquarian market in Rome.
The Museum Correr Library of Venice collects among its important manuscripts some epistolary collections that allow to shed light on the numismatic interests of two important members of the Gradenigo family, who, although distinguished by different life choices, were united by the common passion for coins collecting. They are Giannagostino Gradenigo (1725-1774), bishop of Chioggia and, then, of Ceneda, and his brother Jacopo (1721-1796) who pursued a military and political career.
The Camaldolese monk Fortunato Mandelli (1728-1797) is perhaps best known as the librarian of the monastery of San Michele in Isola in the second half of the 18th century. He is hardly ever mentioned in scholarship studies on collecting and erudite culture in Venice in the same period, and this absence is even more striking in studies about the history of numismatic collecting in the second half of the 18th century. However, both the protagonists/collectors and the scholars of that time were fully aware of the fact that numismatics was central to Mandelli’s work and interests. The present contribution, therefore, intends to rediscover the numismatic writings of this important Italian scholar of the Age of Enlightenment.
The Camaldolese monastery of S. Michele in Murano was an important and prolific centre of studies, always accompanied by an intense publishing activity. The value of the scientific contribution of the Camaldolese studies and research of this period, however, has not yet been sufficiently assessed, also because of the dramatic dispersion of the materials (documents and collections) following the Napoleonic suppressions. The monks’ inclination to study the sciences also included numismatics, no longer regarded as erudite antiquarian research, but rather as a noble and rigorous discipline useful for the advancement of human knowledge, in full harmony with the ideas of the Enlightenment. In this context, the figure of Fortunato Mandelli (1728-1797) appears central. Thanks to his work and contacts with the Venetian nobility, the monastery of S. Michele was enriched with a numismatic collection, of which unfortunately we know very little. This contribution aims to shed light on such unknown collection of coins and on the cultural environment that gave rise to it.
The correspondence exchanged between Giacomo Gradenigo (1721-1796) and Joseph Eckhel (1737-1798) is of great numismatic interest. Thanks to evidence of coin finds communicated by his correspondent, Eckhel was able to provide a more reliable mint attribution for some Greek coin issues in the general reference work Doctrina numorum veterum (1792-1798). This paper highlights Gradenigoʼs contribution towards the classification of coins struck by the Greek cities of Issa, Pharos and Corcyra Melaina in central Dalmatia, as well as issues minted in Pale, Cephallenia. It also addresses the interpretation of Corinthian and Corinthian-style staters, casting light on the study of ancient coin finds at the end of the 18th century in general. An appendix presents three coins sent by Gradenigo to Vienna as gifts in 1776 and 1778.
This paper aims to shed light on Girolamo Ascanio Molin (1738-1814), a Venetian patrician who dedicated himself to the creation of a vast but still scarcely explored collection, largely consisting of Greek, Roman and Etruscan antiquities and coins. The paper will consider important manuscripts preserved at the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana and other sources useful to outline Molin’s private life and career. Special attention will be paid to his collection, including the analysis of unpublished sculptures recently found at Palazzo Giusti at Verona, focusing on the role that his ancestors got in its formation and on the personal intellectual network of Molin, that included leading figures of the international art market (from Venice, Verona, Udine, Chioggia, Rome, Vienna).
The paper investigates the epigraphic collection that Gian Domenico Bertoli (1676-1763) put together in his house in Aquileia and that became one of the Aquileian memorabilia known to European scholars. In addition to Bertoli the collectionist, Bertoli the antiquarian is also examined: in his published and unpublished Antiquities he also collected many inscriptions that he had seen or copied from others, including some fakes.
This contribution examines some remarkable editorial efforts within the Venetian eighteenth century in the field of numismatics, medal and glyptic studies, both published and remained in manuscript. Three are the emblematic cases: the luxurious volume richly illustrated with the medals of the Barbarigo family, entitled “Numismata virorum illustrium ex Barbadica gente” published in Padua in 1732; the manuscript in seven volumes entitled “Medaglie degli uomini illustri spettanti per lo più allo Stato viniziano” by the Senator Giovanni Andrea Giovanelli, who in the middle of the XVIII century intended to reconstruct a ‘metallic history’ of the Venetian State; and the lost manuscript about glyptic art that Girolamo Zanetti d’Alessandro devoted to the carved gems from the Cabinet of the King of France and was enriched by the drawings by Crescenzio Ricci from Belluno.
In the broad panorama of numismatic collecting and erudition in eighteenthcentury Venice, the figure of Lorenzo Patarol remains rather obscure. His short life (he died in 1727 at the age of just 53) perhaps did not allow him to attract the attention he would certainly have deserved. He was in friendly relations with some of the most important scholars and numismatic collectors of his time, from Giandomenico Bertoli to Apostolo Zeno. The latter, in particular, always placed total trust in Patarol’s numismatic expertise.
The essay reconstructs the relationships – for about a decade – between the Abbot Angelo Bottari from Chioggia and the Count Giuseppe Beltramelli from Bergamo, in the light of an unpublished epistolary (entirely transcribed in the appendix) that sheds light on the common interests linked to the collection of antique coins and modern medals of Illustrious Men. The letters in question provide a wealth of information, especially on the formation of the abbot’s numismatic collection, as well as on his role as a buyer and scholar, which saw him as one of the most active protagonists in Italy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The contribution focuses on the collection of antique gold coins of the Zane family, probably formed by Domenico Zane, who is mentioned by Charles Patin in his Introductio ad historiam numismatum. The origin of the collection is not known, but some clues seem to imply that a large part came from finds, specifically from the territory of Altinum, where the Zane family had many landholdings. The fate of these coins is less mysterious; in fact, the Zane collection was sold in England in 1760 and it is now part of the numismatic collections of the British Museum.