Browsing Poliarchie/Polyarchies volume 4 n. 2/2021 by Type "Article"
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- Publication‘After Gomorrah’: Building a Mindful View of the Peripheral with the Northern Outskirts of Naples as an Example(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)De Vidovich, LorenzoWith the proliferation of studies on and local programmes of urban regeneration on the one hand and the stereotypes and stigmatisation of peripheries on the other hand, a more comprehensive understanding of urban peripheries is needed today, when urbanisation is proceeding at a dizzying pace. Focusing on the northern peripheries of Naples, this article discusses the ways in which we can renew our understanding of urban peripheries by posing two views of ‘the peripheral’: a view from the city, which entails a valorisation of the knowledge, know-how and issues related to what is commonly known as urban regeneration, and a view from the periphery, where suburban ways of living raise emerging complexities and peripheral conditions that push towards a reconceptualisation of urban peripheral neighbourhoods. The peripheral area of Scampia was adopted as a research ground for reflecting on this reconceptualisation. In this respect, the northern urban peripheries of Naples were adopted as a case in reflecting on what lies at the urban–suburban intersection, and the conceptual observation was extended from the famed Scampia to the urban outskirts, which are currently undergoing uneven social fragilisation as they have been left behind in the regeneration processes of places such as Scampia.
- PublicationIndustrial Districts in Transition: A Commentary(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)Blasutig, GabrieleThe economist Mosconi and the sociologist Carrosio adhere to the tradition of studies concerning industrial districts. They discuss the case of Carpi with a broader scope, that is the evaluation of the present and future of the industrial districts. They take into consideration not only the general trends that have been profoundly transforming these systems for at least twenty years, but also the pandemic crisis in progress. While Mosconi’s proposal seems to focus above all on specialized and technical training, closely linked to products and production processes, Carrosio emphasizes the growing role of the “third sector”, that involves various functions and professional roles, distinct from those directly or indirectly connected to the creation of the product.
- PublicationNew poverties and pandemics in industrial districts: the case of Carpi(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)CARROSIO, GIOVANNIThe article presents the results of a research conducted in the second half of 2020 on the social and economic condition of Carpi during the pandemic crisis. The case study rests on some assumptions that can be generalized to all industrial districts, in particular with regard to their relationship with society. The first part of the research focuses on the links between the processes of restructuring the district and the social and economic condition of Carpi. The aim is the understanding of how the productive form of the district is still able to determine the development of the urban context in which it is embedded. In the second part, the focus of the investigation moves to the study of the links between the restructuring of the district, its crisis during the pandemic and the new poverty. The research shows how the disembedding process of the district has weakened the economic and social structure of Carpi over time. From that phase on, the pandemic has accelerated and increased - but not determined - the new forms of poverty and social precariousness.
- PublicationThe Carpi district: towards an ecosystem of higher education and innovation(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)MOSCONI, FRANCOThis work aims to shed light on the textile-clothing district of Carpi seen from an economic-industrial perspective. This district has always been one of the most investigated cases in Italian and foreign literature, that aimed at investigating the causes of the success of these particular productive agglomerations of Small and Medium Business (SMB). Since the years of the district successes in the 1970’s-80’s, many things have obviously changed. In the second and third paragraphs, the paper analyzes the case study of Carpi from a structural point of view. Subsequently, in the fourth paragraph, it focuses on the new industrial policy, which should be primarily centered on “investments in knowledge” (human capital, research and development). In the fifth final paragraph, some policy responses to the present challenges are suggested.
- PublicationThe socialists in Rome “open city” between armed resistance and trade union revival(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)NEGLIE, PIETROThe essay reconsiders the role of the socialists in the Resistance in Rome, showing that it was by no means marginal. During the Nazi occupation, in conditions of grave danger, the socialist Bruno Buozzi, secretary of the General Confederation of Labor when Fascism took power, entered into delicate negotiations to reconstitute the union, committing himself so that it was unitary and therefore included communists, socialists and Christian Democrats. In Rome occupied by the Nazis, every form of disobedience acquired the characteristics of an opposition, a real resistance which, among other things, was organized by the military apparatuses of the Socialist and Communist parties. Sabotage and disturbance actions were organized daily to make life impossible for the enemy, who reacted with tremendous reprisals. Immediately after the arrival of the Allies in Rome, the union was reconstituted but the agreement was backdated in homage to Buozzi, murdered by nazis.
- PublicationWell-being and health promotion. Networks, values and transitions in sport and physical activity(EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)PONTELLO ELISABETTAThe social transformations induced by the Covid-19 pandemic and the acceleration of digital transitions in the contemporary society have affected, among others, sport communities. New behaviors, places, times and ways of interacting are emerging, changing structures and processes of groups. In everyday life, routines, consumption, the living situation, the way of conceiving well-being and physical activity - both at home and outside - are changing. Applying a multidisciplinary approach to the concept of network and the value of social networks might open, in a diachronic perspective, potential future lines of research in the sociology of sport. At the same time, a multidisciplinary approach seems to be required by the new epistemological developments not only in the field of human and social sciences, but also in their implementation of everyday life. In this contribution, the concept of health is interpreted in the WHO’s broadest sense of health promotion, following the 1986 Ottawa Charter and the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 UN Agenda.