3. Imperial Connections. Interactions and Expansion from Assyria to the Roman Period

CONTENTS / SOMMARIO

Iamoni Marco, Rebaudo Ludovico Dino, Zanini Franco

Preface

Gavagnin Katia, Palermo Rocco

Foreword


Imperial frontiers: the Assyrian periphery and interactions between Assyria and neighbouring kingdoms during the first millennium BC


Morandi Bonacossi Pierdaniele

Modelling the North Assyrian imperial core

Baaklini Adonice-ackad

The presence and influence of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in Phoenicia: textual and archaeological evidence

Bach Johannes

Transtextual stylization of Neo-Assyrian accounts of war

Bolognani Barbara

Figurines as social markers: the Neo-Assyrian impact on the Northern Levant as seen from the material culture

Dan Roberto, Vitolo Priscilla, Zecchi Chiara

Some reflections on Urartian inscribed metal cylinders and uninscribed metal discs

Roser Marsal

Logistics at a crossroads on the southern frontier of the Mesopotamian Empires: the management of water resources in southern Transjordan

Matney Timothy, Macginnis John, Wicke Dirck, Koroglu Kemalettin

Eighteen years on the frontiers of Assyria: the Ziyaret Tepe Archaeological Project

Menis Riccardo

Iconography as expansionism: the Neo-Assyrian Empire and the ideological conquest of frontiers

Portuese Ludovico

Interaction between king and foreigners: visitors at the Assyrian Court of Sargon II

Socaciu Dan

Between Urartu and Assyria: the geography of a border region

Soldi Sebastiano

The northern Levant and Assyria: ceramic productions in the Kingdom of Sam’al during the Neo‑Assyrian expansion to the West

Tavger Aharon

The province of Samerina under Neo-Assyrian rule

Titolo Andrea

Assyrian imperial frontiers during the first millennium BC: the case of the Iraqi Middle Euphrates

Vér Ádám

The local elite and the Assyrian administration in the Neo-Assyrian provinces in the Zagros


West vs East: from Hellenism to the Roman expansion in the Near East


Cadario Matteo

The image of the rulers and the role of the military costume in the Near East from the Hellenistic to the Roman Age

Ahmad Tarek

Caravanserai-Sanctuaries in Roman Syria

Brancato Rodolfo

Frontier land and rural settlement in the upper Tigris river valley (south-eastern Turkey) from Roman to Byzantine age (second-sixth centuries AD)

Distefano Santo Salvatore

Roman culture in a Greek context: Smyrna between the first and the fourth century AD. Some preliminary observations

Foietta Enrico

The kingdom of Hatra during the second and third centuries AD: frontiers, ecological limits, settlements and landmarks

Köhler Johannes Akihito

Echoes from the past in a colonial encounter? The ceramic evidence of the upper middle Tigris region from the fourth-second century BC

News

This volume contains the papers presented at Sessions 3 (Imperial frontiers: the Assyrian periphery and interactions between Assyria and neighbouring kingdoms during the first millennium B) and 5 (West vs East: from Hellenism to the Roman expansion in the Near East) of the 5th edition of the “Broadening Horizons” Conference, which was held at the University of Udine from 5th to 8th June 2017. Broadening Horizons is an international meeting that aims to offer an opportunity for relatively informal discussion, especially (though not exclusively) for young/early career archaeologists specialized in the ancient Near East and disciplines relevant to the main theme of each congress session. All the papers have passed a double blind peer-review process and provide significant contributions on a number of topics – among which material culture (e.g. pottery tradition and architecture), settlement pattern, social changes, cultural transmission and economic dynamics – that are of fundamental importance for the archaeology of Mesopotamia and the Levant.

Katia Gavagnin is a recognized expert/honorary fellow on the Humanities Department at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice. She is a member of The Land of Nineveh Archaeological Project where she is in charge of the study and publications of the Third and First Millennium BC pottery, and she is also field responsible of one excavation area of the Kurdish-Italian Gir-e Gomel Archaeological Project. Her interest is mainly dedicated on Third Millennium BC and Neo-Assyrian period in Upper Mesopotamia, with special focus on pottery and settlement patterns. She is also working in Southern Caucasus as a member of the Shida-Kartli Archaeological Project and Lagodekhi Archaeological Project in Georgia. She took part to several excavations in Italy, Syria, Iraqi Kurdistan and Georgia.

Rocco Palermo is a Researcher and Lecturer at the University of Groningen (Netherlands), and Associate Director of the Erbil Plain Archaeological Survey (Iraqi Kurdistan, Harvard University). In addition to EPAS, he is also member of the Land of Nineveh Archaeological Project (Udine) and the Suleymaniah Governorate Archaeological Survey (Paris), both projects operating in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Since 2019 he is also co-field director of the excavation at Tell Aliawa (Iraqi Kurdistan), within the framework of the Italian Mission in the Erbil Plain (University of Milan). He is currently involved, as project director, in the intensive survey and excavations at the site of Girdi Matrab (Erbil plain). He has also carried out extensive fieldwork in Syria (Tell Barri), and Jordan ( Jerash). His major research interests are the formation and development of imperial landscapes through the archaeological record, the Graeco-Roman Near East, the Roman borderland in the East, and the role of remote-sensing and spatial analyses in the archaeological research. He is the author of On the Edge of Empires. North Mesopotamia during the Roman Period (Routledge, 2019).

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 23
  • Publication
    Echoes from the past in a colonial encounter? The ceramic evidence of the upper middle Tigris region from the fourth-second century BC
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Köhler, Johannes Akihito
    Traditionally, unique and novel ceramic shapes, often connected to ‘fine wares’, have found their way into publications, while more common or traditional shapes are overlooked. This has skewed the publication process, wherein only material comparable with these early publications was regarded worth recording and publishing. In terms of ceramics, the association of the Seleucid period with novelty over continuity leaves this period as an enigma in the longue durée history of West Asia. On the interpretative scale, one is left with containers used to present, serve and consume food, but rarely with vessels used to store and prepare what was being served. The quality, quantity and uniformity of material related to this new production horizon is of such ubiquity, its introduction not embedded within a local framework of production and consumption seems unlikely. Integrating ceramic evidence of rural sites into a sequence of preceding material allows a more contextualised understanding of influence, Seleucid political rule over Northern Iraq may have had on a quotidian level.
      147  120
  • Publication
    The kingdom of Hatra during the second and third centuries AD: frontiers, ecological limits, settlements and landmarks
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Foietta, Enrico
    During the second and third centuries AD the Kingdom of Hatra became an important buffer state in a strategic location between the Parthian, Roman, and later, Sasanian Empires. This paper defines the extent of this large and complex territory by employing interdisciplinary methodology, and through the use of archaeological, historical and epigraphical data to better assess its hinterlands, reconstruct its settlement patterns and evaluate the ecological potential of the area.
      227  467
  • Publication
    Roman culture in a Greek context: Smyrna between the first and the fourth century AD. Some preliminary observations
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Distefano, Santo Salvatore
    Smyrna was founded by Greek colonists; in 132 BC it was incorporated in the Roman province of Asia Proconsular, but only during the period of Augustus (27 BC–14 AD) and the Flavian Dinasty (96-192 AD) Smyrna became “one of the most beautiful cities in the Empire”, especially after the reconstruction of the city ordered by Marcus Aurelius in the third century AD. If it’s possible to see the magnificence of a typical Roman city, it’s also true that the majority of the private inscriptions was written in Greek language throughout the imperial period: so we can deduce that in Smyrna there was a bilingual population, that used the Latin for public institutions and the Greek for the private life. Despite of the lack of information, it’s possible to outline that in Smyrna the Roman influence lasted until the seventh century AD, but after the fall of the Roman Empire the Greek culture became again dominant. To sum up, we can infer that at a local level, the Roman influence was only superficial; in fact the Greek culture turned up until the Middle Age.
      150  157
  • Publication
    Frontier land and rural settlement in the upper Tigris river valley (south-eastern Turkey) from Roman to Byzantine age (second-sixth centuries AD)
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Brancato, Rodolfo
    Southeastern Anatolia was one of the regions in which the Roman and Eastern empires fought for centuries for supremacy. In the fourth century CE, the Roman/Sasanian border shifted from the Euphrates River to the Tigris River: the upper Tigris River valley was thus embedded in the Eastern Roman frontier between the Roman and Sasanian empires. Changes in settlement patterns during the Late Antique period seem to confirm the limit of Roman control to the area West of the Batman River, one of the tributaries of the Tigris River in its upper course. The integration of new and legacy archaeological data available for this borderland may help in better understanding of local rural landscape and enable an analysis of the relationship between imperialism and the organization of borderlands.
      189  305
  • Publication
    Caravanserai-Sanctuaries in Roman Syria
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Ahmad, Tarek
    The position of shrines in antiquity was a consequence of a complex relationship between human, deity and landscape. The study of the interaction among these three elements can open up further interpretation of rural sanctuaries. Based on these observations, this essay aims to emphasize the interaction between rural places of worship and their landscape, in order to trace the phenomenon of ‘caravanserai-sanctuaries’ in the Levant from their origin, particularly during Roman times.
      118  123