01. Archives and archival documents in ancient societies

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Michele Faraguna

Dennis Kehoe
Archives and Archival Documents in Ancient Societies: Introduction

Ancient Near East

Sophie Démare-Lafont
Zero and Infinity: the Archives in Mesopotamia

Klaas R. Veenhof
The Archives of Old Assyrian Traders: their Nature, Functions and Use

Antoine Jacquet
Family Archives in Mesopotamia during the Old Babylonian Period

Susanne Paulus
The Limits of Middle Babylonian Archives

Classical Greece

Christophe Pébarthe
Les archives de la cité de raison. Démocratie athénienne et pratiques documentaires à l’époque classique

Shimon Epstein
Attic Building Accounts from Euthynae to Stelae

Edward M. Harris
The Plaint in Athenian Law and Legal Procedure

Michele Faraguna
Archives in Classical Greece: Some Observations

The Persian Tradition and the Hellenistic World

Ingo Kottsieper
Aramäische Archive aus achämenidischer Zeit und ihre Funktion

Laura Boffo
La ‘presenza’ dei re negli archivi delle poleis ellenistiche

Lucia Criscuolo
Copie, malacopie, copie d'ufficio e il problema della titolarità di un archivio nell’Egitto tolemaico

Mark Depauw
Reflections on Reconstructing Private and Official Archives The Roman Empire

Éva Jakab
Introduction: Archives in the Roman Empire

Kaja Harter-Uibopuu
Epigraphische Quellen zum Archivwesen in den griechischen Poleis des ausgehenden Hellenismus und der Kaiserzeit

Thomas Kruse
Bevölkerungskontrolle, Statuszugang und Archivpraxis im römischen Ägypten

Rudolf Haensch
Die Statthalterarchive der Spätantike

Uri Yiftach-Firanko

Index locorum


This book, part of a series aiming to investigate the legal systems of ancient societies through a document-based, comparative approach, focuses on the study of archives and archival records and their interplay with the workings of administrative and political systems. The papers are arranged in four sections dealing with the Ancient Near East, Classical Greece, the Persian Tradition and the Hellenistic World, and the Roman Empire. The themes touched upon chronologically span from the early second millennium B.C. to the late Roman Empire and geographically range from Mesopotamia to the Western Mediterranean. The archives considered, public and private, are conspicuous for their variety and reflect diverse archival concepts and traditions but a number of common patterns also emerge in respect to their physical organization, to the classification of texts, the function of record-keeping and the role of seals. We are entitled to speak of a recurring ‘archival behaviour’.

Michele Faraguna is associate professor of Greek history at the University of Trieste. His work has focused on Greek political, administrative, economic, and legal history from the Archaic age to early Hellenism. He is the author of Atene nell’età di Alessandro. Problemi politici, economici, finanziari (1992) in addition to many articles. He edited Dynasthai didaskein. Studi in onore di Filippo Càssola (2006) and Nomos despotes. Law and Legal Procedures in Ancient Greek Society (2007). He is a member of the Editorial board of the Encyclopedia of Ancient History (2013). He is currently working, together with Laura Boffo, on a book on public archives in the Greek cities.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 21
  • Publication
    Index locorum
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2013)
      1503  747
  • Publication
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2013)
    Yiftach-Firanko, Uri
      1401  656
  • Publication
    Die Statthalterarchive der Spätantike
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2013)
    Haensch, Rudolf
    There has not been much research on the archives of the governors in Late Antiquity. Apparently these archives are thought of as a typical element of a „bureaucratic“ state such as the Later Roman Empire, and it is assumed that they are well documented. But it is quite the opposite: there are almost no general references to archives of the governors. As in the case of the archives of the governors of the High Empire – whose existence has been doubted -, the existence of such archives in Late Antiquity can be proven only in an indirect way. This is achieved by collecting evidence for the principal elements of such archives and their preservation and for the members of staff who cared for them. This article puts together the evidence for diaries of daily activities of the governors, the collection of letters written by them and to them, the petitions submitted to them and the documents of their financial administration, with the aim to prove the existence of such archives.
      1721  1547
  • Publication
    Bevölkerungskontrolle, Statuszugang und Archivpraxis im römischen Ägypten
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2013)
    Kruse, Thomas
    It is well known that the Romans established in Egypt a differentiated class-structure of the provincial population beginning with the Roman and Alexandrian citizens, stretching over the hellenized privileged groups of the indigenous society and ending up with the ordinary Egyptian peasant. The article deals with the mechanisms of controlling the access to the privileged status groups of the domestic Egyptian population during the period of the Roman principate (1st to 3rd century CE); in particular concerning the residents of the local district capitals (metropolitai) and the members of the gymnasial class (apo gymnasiou). The specific focus is notably on the administrative process of granting admission to these status groups (the so called epikrisis) and the use which was made of certain archival documents (like census- and epikrisis records, population registers or tax lists) which were suitable to prove the status claimed by the persons applying for admission of their male offspring to one or both of these status groups.
      1771  1615
  • Publication
    Epigraphische Quellen zum Archivwesen in den griechischen Poleis des ausgehenden Hellenismus und der Kaiserzeit
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2013)
    Harter-Uibopuu, Kaja
    Throughout the history oft he classical and hellenistic Greek polis archives have played an important role in the administration of a city-state. From the 2nd cent. BC on a reorganization both of the structure of the archives as well as the publication of documents registered in archives can be shown. The first part of this paper concerns two fragmented inscriptions from Kos (IG XII 4, 1, 84 and 85) which contain information of a restructuring of the city-archive. Parts II and III concern the manumission inscriptions from Delphi and the grave-inscriptions from imperial Asia Minor. The focus is on the original text handed in at the archive and the question whether the inscriptions give any information on the structure and wording of these deeds.
      1491  1392