This essay – on the basis of the lexicological and lexicometrical evidences reconstructed in the different digital corpora with the tools of the computational linguistics – examines the polysemy of the word fraternité in the lexicon of Adrien Lamourette and in the lexicon of the French Revolution and its gradual shrinking from an expansive dimension to an identity one.
The present essay explores Carl Schmitt’s interpretation of Rousseau’s Contrat social in his early works. The essay aims at investigating the role of concepts such as dictatorship, democracy, general will and homogeneity of the people in Carl Schmitt’s political theory. In particular, the essay will be focused on three texts: Diktatur und Belagerungszustand (1916), Die Diktatur (1921) and Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), where Rousseau’s theory is vigorously discussed by Schmitt, although in a partial and sometimes ideological way. In the end of the paper, some critical remarks on Schmitt’s interpretation and his proble-matic theory of “identitarian” democracy are provided.
The Pasolini-Lacan report is not supported by any philological evidence. However, there are striking similarities. These include the link that unites fraternity and segregation, democracy and banishment. From which the essay reconstructs the literary structure of Petrolio, compared by Pasolini himself with the novel by Mario Soldati Lo smeraldo. In particular, it highlights the role of the author who transforms himself from an almighty father into the literary game of the reader's brother.