2. From the Prehistory of Upper Mesopotamia to the Bronze and Iron Age Societies of the Levant. Volume 1


Iamoni Marco, Rebaudo Ludovico, Zanini Franco


Iamoni Marco


The Neolithic-Chalcolithic transition in Upper Mesopotamia.
Subsistence strategies, economy, society and identity

Frangipane Marcella

Changes in Upper Mesopotamian societies from the Halaf to the Late Chalcolithic period. A comparative analysis of different Neolithic and Chalcolithic developmental models in the Near East

Taranto Sergio

The role of the husking tray in the late Neolithic communities of Northern Mesopotamia. A first experimental analysis

Benitti Carlo

The Halaf tradition in Upper Mesopotamia: some questions about socio-economic background and identity

Breu Adriá, Gómez Anna, Faura Josep-Miquel, Rosell-melé Antoni, Molist Miquel

Insights into the use of late Halaf vessels. Organic residues in pottery from Tell Halula (Syria)

Baldi Johnny Samuele

Evolution as a way of intertwining: regional approach and new data on the Halaf-Ubaid transition in Northern Mesopotamia

Iamoni Marco

The social landscape of Upper Mesopotamia: a preliminary overview of the Late Chalcolithic evidence from the Eastern Upper Tigris region

Vacca Agnese, Moscone Daniele, Rosati Paolo

Managing survey data from Helawa, Erbil Plain (Kurdistan Region of Iraq)

Prezioso Emanuele

Cognitive Archaeology and the ‘Ancient Mind’: Mesopotamian motifs in the formation of Egyptian elites in the fourth millennium

Da Silva Ferreira Nelson Henrique

Herding and farming symbiosis: a dialogic exercise on the manifestation of a universal topos in Sumerian and Roman primary cultures

The Levant in the Bronze and Iron Age:
crossroad or frontier between different cultures?

Maeir Aren M.

A ‘Repertoire of Otherness’? Identities in early Iron Age Philistia

Caselli Alessandra

Cult and ritual in Early Bronze Age I Southern Levant: fragmented or connected landscape?

Avrutis Vladimir Wolff

Imported artefacts from an Early Bronze Age I burial ground at Nesher-Ramla Quarry (el‑Khirbe). Two cases of interregional goods’ transitions

D’Andrea Marta

Ebla and the South: reconsidering inter-regional connections during Early Bronze IV

Calabrese Agata Maria Catena

The ancestor worship in the third millennium BCE

Kallas Nathalie

Distinction and affinity. The dualism of foreign features in the MBA Levantine palatial architecture

Puljiz Ivana

Gold jewellery as a marker of cultural interaction in Middle Bronze Age Qaṭna

Spinazzi-Lucchesi Chiara

A reassessment of spinning bowls: new evidence from Egypt and Levant

Turri Luigi

Geopolitics of the Orontes valley in the Late Bronze Age

De Pietri Marco

From Thebes to Arslantaş: ivory iconography through Egypt, Ugarit, Byblos and Megiddo

Álvarez García Juan

Transmission and reception of Babylonian knowledge in Ugarit. A preliminary study

Montesanto Mariacarmela

More than a pile of sherds: functional analysis and social behaviour during Iron Age Alalakh


This volume contains 21 papers presented at Sessions 1 (The Neolithic–Chalcolithic transition in Upper Mesopotamia. Subsistence strategies, economy, society and identity; key note speaker M. Frangipane) and 2 (The Levant in the Bronze Age: crossroad or frontier between different cultures?; key note speaker A. Maeir) of the 5th edition of the “Broadening Horizons” Conference, which was held at the University of Udine from 5th to 8th June 2017. Broadening Horizons is an international meeting that aims to offer an opportunity for relatively informal discussion, especially (though not exclusively) for young/early career archaeologists specialized in the ancient Near East and disciplines relevant to the main theme of each congress session. All the papers have passed a double blind peer-review process and provide significant contributions on a number of topics – among which material culture (e.g. pottery tradition and architecture), settlement pattern, social changes, cultural transmission and economic dynamics – that are of fundamental importance for the archaeology of Mesopotamia and the Levant.

Marco Iamoni is a research fellow at the Department of Humanities and Cultural Heritage of the University of Udine. He has been working in the Middle East since 1999, with excavations and surveys conducted in Syria (in particular at Qatna and Palmyra), Oman, Lebanon and Iraq (Kurdistan Region). He has authored several scientific works, among which a monograph entitled “The Late MBA and LBA Pottery Horizons at Qatna. Innovation and Conservation in the Ceramic Tradition of a Regional Capital and the Implications for Second Millennium Syrian Chronology” published in 2012 by Forum Editrice as the second volume in the series “Studi Archeologici su Qatna”. He has recently begun two joint research projects in Lebanon (the Northern Lebanon Project) and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (the Asingeran Excavation Project), that involve direct field investigations regarding his two current major research areas: the development of Bronze Age societies in the Levant and Western Syria, and the onset and rapid growth of socio-economic complexity in Upper Mesopotamia.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 24
  • Publication
    Distinction and affinity. The dualism of foreign features in the MBA Levantine palatialarchitecture
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Kallas, Nathalie
    The Middle Bronze Age in the Near East was a period of particular commercial and political developments. Numerous polities rose in the Levant as a result of internal and external triggers. The material culture and finds from this area, which had no fixed boundaries or clear identity, reveals a continuous and vibrant interaction and exchange with the stronger surrounding cultures. This is clearly reflected in the architecture of the excavated palaces. A mélange of local and foreign features could be identified: Aegean frescoes, Egyptianizing wall paintings, Mesopotamian architecture and Anatolian building technique. The architecture of these palaces was used by the Levantine Elites to communicate their political power and reach to their peers. But what was the intention and motivation of the various elites to integrate selected foreign features in the architecture and decoration of their palaces? This paper seeks to answer this question by identifying the preferences and the choices of foreign styles and features. Through defining the local or regional trends, some insights are gained about the nature of the relationship between the Levantine polities and their neighbors, and the various zones of influence.
      229  233
  • Publication
    Transmission and reception of Babylonian knowledge in Ugarit. A preliminary study
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Álvarez García, Juan
    In the Late Bronze Age, the Near East saw the Babylonian intellectual heritage expansion throughout the region. Although previous works only studied this phenomenon from the Babylonian perspective, recent trends and methodologies prefer to present it from the reception sites. One of them was the Levantine city of Ugarit. This kingdom developed an active and profitable international commerce as well as intense diplomatic contacts with the cradles of that knowledge, Babylon and Assyria. On this matter, clay tablets that belong to Babylonian tradition were unearthed in several private houses whose owners were important merchants and administrators of the Kingdom. Some of these texts reveal that these houses were also schools where Babylonians and Assyrians worked as teachers.
      195  170
  • Publication
    Gold jewellery as a marker of cultural interaction in Middle Bronze Age Qaṭna
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Puljiz, Ivana
    In 2009 and 2010, the Syrian-German mission excavated the richly furnished Tomb VII at Qaṭna which yielded an inventory dating to the Middle Bronze Age IIA-IIB. The inventory comprised a large assemblage of gold jewellery including pendants, rings, toggle pins and long bands. While some of these jewellery items represent types already known from Syria and the Northern Levant, other types from Tomb VII have previously been attested only in the Southern Levant. Hence, the jewellery assemblage from Tomb VII is composed of types referring to both the Syrian/Northern Levantine and the Southern Levantine region. In this study, a selection of the gold jewellery from Tomb VII will be discussed against the background of similar items from other sites in the Syro-Levantine region. This approach aims at embedding the assemblage from Tomb VII into its wider cultural context which will ultimately illuminate how the interregional relations between the Syro-Levantine states are reflected in the material culture of the ruling class of Middle Bronze Age Qaṭna.
      214  154
  • Publication
    More than a pile of sherds: functional analysis and social behaviour during Iron Age Alalakh
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Montesanto, Mariacarmela
    Recent excavations at the site of Tell Atchana, ancient Alalakh, have clarified the presence of Iron Age periods. Despite being at the centre of these changes, the Late Bronze-Iron Age transition at Alalakh and in the Amuq remains poorly understood in terms of chronology and its social impact. A key question is the degree to which changes evident in the archaeological records should be credited to population movements or to the reorganization of social, economic and political structures by the local population. This paper considers the assemblage from a functional point of view to discuss any change or continuity in habits and actions evident from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron Age and during the Iron Age. In particular, this article aims to be a first attempt to propose a functional study of pottery from the Amuq Valley, thus linking the documentation of Northern Syria with that of Southern Anatolia. Furthermore, it will try to establish a set of morphological and physical characteristics of pottery vessels that, within limits, can be used to define how well suited particular vessels are to perform particular tasks.
      244  124
  • Publication
    Geopolitics of the Orontes valley in the Late Bronze Age
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Turri, Luigi
    The Orontes valley is a heterogeneous area located at the border of the humid Mediterranean zone and the dry Syrian steppe: surrounded by mountains, it has narrow valleys, deep gorges, marshes, extensive fertile plains, and marked differences in climate. All these factors have greatly influenced settlement in the region throughout its history. Their effects were exacerbated by the chaotic political situation that characterized the valley during the Late Bronze Age, when, along the river, the Great Powers of the time found themselves in direct contact for the first time. The paper tries to analyze how the region’s morphology and natural environment affected both the local settlements and areas of foreign influence.
      236  260