Esercizi Filosofici 16, 1 (2021)

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CONTENTS / SOMMARIO


Special issue / Numero Speciale "What Depends on Us: Ontological Dependence and Human Products" / "Ciò che dipende da noi: dipendenza ontologica e prodotti umani"



Manuele Dozzi

Introduction

Michele Paolini Paoletti

How Ficta Depend

Marilù Papandreou

Aristotle’s Take on Inadvertently Made Objects

Elena Bartolini

Presenza-assenza o ascolto autentico. La dipendenza ontologica in Heidegger commentatore di Eraclito

Pyro Suarez

Theory-Indexed Moral Contextualism

Lisa Paravan

Dipendenza e indipendenza ontologica: il punto di vista del neoscetticismo

Manuele Dozzi

A Place for Artifacts

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 8
  • Publication
    A Place for Artifacts
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)
    Dozzi, Manuele
    In this paper, I show how it is possible to allow for the existence of artifacts within a neo-Aristotelian conceptual framework. In order to do this, I show the main features of the mainstream Quinean approach to ontology, I then expose the main features of the neo-Aristotelian metaphysics and introduce some key notions such as sortal concepts and criteria of identity, and finally, I propose a criterion of identity for artifacts based on Evnine’s doctrine of amorphism. I also propose a solution to a possible objection to amorphism.
      369  505
  • Publication
    Dipendenza e indipendenza ontologica: il punto di vista del neoscetticismo
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)
    Paravan, Lisa
    This contribution aims to explore scepticism’s implications with respect to the notions of ontological dependence and independence, referring especially to Peter Unger’s New Scepticism. First, a reconstruction is offered of the fundamental theoretical perspective acting as the backdrop of Unger’s scepticism, in relation to his volume Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism (1975). Then, light will be shed on the implications that this perspective has on the ontological level, referring also to some of Unger’s sceptical and nihilistic philosophy’s subsequent developments. At last, a critical interpretation is suggested of the author’s proposed solution to the radical outcome of his philosophy, in light of the notions of ontological dependence and independence.
      522  742
  • Publication
    Theory-Indexed Moral Contextualism
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)
    Suarez, Pyro
    One way to understand the nature of our moral disagreements is to study the meaning of moral discourse. Nonetheless, Metaethical Theories that account for these disagreements face important challenges. For instance, if our theory of moral terms assigns them a reference too specifically related to a contextual parameter, we might be ruling out the substantiality of moral disagreements (e.g., while ‘To eat people is wrong’ is plausibly true relative to our culture, it’d be false for a community of cannibals). This paper (1) explores the theoretical room for a contextualist account of moral terms that models the substantiality of moral disagreements; (2) sketches the characterization of the contextual parameter these terms’ meaning is sensitive to; and (3) shows the tools this account has to avoid reducing moral disagreements to merely linguistic ones.
      407  556
  • Publication
    Presenza-assenza o ascolto autentico. La dipendenza ontologica in Heidegger commentatore di Eraclito
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)
    Bartolini, Elena
    Commenting on some Heraclitean fragments, Heidegger examines the meaning of Being as λόγος, affirming the possibility to have access to it through an authentic hearkening. The most interesting aspect about this analysis is that it is outlined a tight ontological dependence — a sort of belonging that comes to be translated as obedience — of the human being with respect to Being. However, the German philosopher doesn’t explicitly provide for human agency. This paper aims to give an account of the reading on Heraclitus that Heidegger presents in the ‘40s and ’50, underlying its critical elements in terms of their implications.
      443  691
  • Publication
    Aristotle’s Take on Inadvertently Made Objects
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021)
    Papandreou, Marilù
    The way metaphysicians conceive of inadvertently made objects has consequences for their understanding of the relation between intentions and kinds. Indeed, the very possibility of concrete material objects produced without human intention shakes the common identification of an object’s kind and the intentions of the maker. The disruptive potential of inadvertently made objects also affects historians of philosophy, who have often failed to engage with the issue. In this paper, I shall reconstruct Aristotle’s account of inadvertently made objects and the fortune of his examples. I will argue that Aristotle opens a conceptual space for inadvertent objects and will indicate the consequences for the relation between the intentions of the maker and an object’s essence. Furthermore, I will put Aristotle into conversation with modern accounts and show the extent to which Aristotelian inadvertent objects constitute an instance different from the currently debated cases of appropriation, residues and by-products.
      427  610