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Now showing 1 - 5 of 10
  • Publication
    Aggregazione di giudizi
    (2020)
    Pigozzi, Gabriella
    L’aggregazione di opinioni individuali per formare una decisione collettiva è l’oggetto di studio di Judgment Aggregation, una disciplina che coinvolge logica, economia, filosofia politica ed informatica. Il problema della presa di decisione collettiva a partire da posizioni individuali è comune nella vita di tutti i giorni e, sebbene la procedura da seguire sembri evidente, i risultati possono nascondere paradossi sorprendenti. La formalizzazione del problema dell’aggregazione di giudizi individuali ha permesso di portare un buon numero di risposte, di evidenziare legami con la teoria della scelta sociale e l’aggregazione di credenze, e di aprire la strada a nuove ricerche che permettono di applicare buona parte dei risultati ad altri paradigmi della decisione collettiva. Obiettivo di questo lavoro è di introdurre il problema dell’aggregazione di giudizi, motivare l’interesse per tali questioni, presentando i risultati principali ottenuti e indicando alcune delle piste di ricerca attuali.
      15  73
  • Publication
    Percezione temporale
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Cassaghi, Daniele
    The debate around the perception of temporal properties, or Temporal Perception, is about explaining how it is possible to perceive unfolding events, like motion, change and rest, given that perceptual contents seem to be about single instants. This is indeed the heart of the Paradox of Temporal Experience, whose solutions (the snapshot theories, retentionalism and extensionalism) will be here assessed. Finally, our perceptive acts themselves enjoy temporal properties, and these play a role at solving the Paradox.
      102  198
  • Publication
    Resistenza immaginativa
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Paganini, Elisa
    Imaginative resistance occurs when a subject is struggling to imagine the content of a fiction (even part of it) (§1). First the different ways to characterize the philosophical puzzle connected to this phenomenon will be presented (§2). The two different strategies delineated in the literature to characterize the phenomenon and to explain it, will be then analyzed: the conceptual solution (§3) and the evaluative solution (§4). For each of the two strategies, the reasons for adopting it and the different ways in which it has been developed will be outlined. By the end, a brief conclusive evaluation will be produced and a possible line of research for the future suggested (§5).
      150  107
  • Publication
    Alexius Meinong
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Favazzo, Jansan
    Alexius Meinong (1853-1920), one of the most brilliant and outstanding philosophers among Brentano's pupils, is nowadayswidely discussed in analytic philosophy duetosome (relatively) recent developmentsof his fundamental ideas.In this introductive profile, after some notesabout Meinong's life (§ 1) and conception of philosophy as an inquiry about mental data (§ 2), I shall examine the main branches of his doctrine: the taxonomy of psychic phenomenaand the key-role played by representations (§3); the problem of empty representations, from which the Theory of Objects arises (§ 4); the objective foundation that this theory offers to practical philosophy and the central notion of value (§ 5). Finally, in § 6, I shall briefly present neo-Meinongian theories.
      92  132
  • Publication
    Luciano Floridi, "The Ethics of Information", Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2015, pp. 357
    (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020)
    Terravecchia, Gian Paolo
    Topics such as privacy, freedom of speech, responsibility, digital divide, distributed morality and pornography online are some of the most new and challenging fields of ethics. They are usually dealt with bottom-up solutions. Luciano Floridi’s book, on the contrary, has the ambition to develop a general ethics to provide good answers with a new conceptual design. Floridi developes a patient oriented informational perspective and a ontocentric ethics. The book is a must for those interested in Floridi’s Principia Philosophiae Informationis, since it constitutes its second part.
      252  328