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Title: Biological identifications through mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers: the case of commercially important crabs from Indian EEZ
Authors: Cubelio, Sherine Sonia
Bineesh, K. K.
Raj, K.
Tewari, Suraj
Gopalakrishnan, Achamveettil
Valaparambil, Saidumohammad Basheer
Lakra, Wazir Singh
Keywords: molecular markers
Indian Ocean
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Citation: Sherine Sonia Cubelio [et al.], Biological identifications through mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers: the case of commercially important crabs from Indian EEZ, in Pier Luigi Nimis and Régine Vignes Lebbe (eds.): “Tools for Identifying Biodiversity: Progress and Problems. Proceedings of the International Congress, Paris, September 20-22, 2010”, Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2010, p. 345.
Abstract: The ability of a 600- 700 base pair section of mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers (COI, 16S & ITS-I) to provide species level identifications has been demonstrated for large taxonomic assemblages of animals such as insects, birds, fishes and crustaceans. In the Indian context, there had been no comprehensive attempt to determine the molecular sytematics, evolutionary relationships or phylogeny within the crabs of genera Scylla, Portunus and Charybdis which support the commercial fisheries. The present study is the first attempt to test the suitability of using a DNA barcode approach to discriminate accurately the edible marine crabs from Indian waters. Partial sequence of COI, 16S and ITS-I revealed distinct species specific profiles supporting the morphological data with low levels of intraspecific genetic diversity. Differentiation of two species of Scylla, Scylla serrata and S. tranquebarica using taxonomic tools is problematic especially based on the adult morphology. DNA barcoding using COI and other regions such as 16SrRNA and nuclear ITS fragment proved to be efficient in discriminating the species. The study revealed that mitochondrial and nuclear molecular genes will be an effective tool for discriminating species of commercial importance and thus aiding in scientific management of marine fishery resources.
ISBN: 978-88-8303-295-0
Appears in Collections:Tools for Identifying Biodiversity: Progress and Problems

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