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Title: Genre In/Exclusion and Recontextualization: Interpreting at the Italian Ministry of Defense
Authors: Boyd, Michael S.
Monicelli, Claudia
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Citation: Michael S. Boyd, Claudia Monicelli , "Genre In/Exclusion and Recontextualization: Interpreting at the Italian Ministry of Defense", in: Cynthia J. Kellett Bidoli (a cura di), “Interpreting across Genres: Multiple Research Perspectives”, Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2012, pp. 184-200
Abstract: This chapter describes the nature of interpreting in military/diplomatic contexts at the Italian Ministry of Defense (MoD) and it is particularly interested in the role played by genre in this context. In terms of diplomacy-level military discourse, we offer an overview of some important genres that are part of the job profile of MoD staff and freelance interpreters. Specifically, we focus on the “hyper-genre” (Giltrow & Stein 2009) of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) and some related texts, genres and situations, which are combined in various ways to form “genre chains” (Fairclough 2003). Our main hypothesis is that MoD professionals are involved in genre-building and propagation. This hypothesis is premised on the notion that genre and context awareness are crucial to interpreters’ success. On the basis of empirical data taken from semi-structured interviews with current and former MoD Translators/Interpreters, we argue that interpreters in a militarydiplomatic situation assume varying degrees of responsibilities in genre dissemination and recontextualization (Boyd & Monacelli 2010).
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