Les espaces ethniques «tzigane» et «juif» dans les interstices de la culture finnoise: les premiers romans de Veijo Baltzar et Daniel Katz
The article analyzes the construction of space and the relations between identity and space in some novels by two Finnish writers representing religious and ethnic minorities. Daniel Katz (born in 1938) is considered as the first Jewish author writing in Finnish. He was rapidly spotted out as a writer with an original voice and an atypical perception of the world. Veijo Baltzar (born in 1942) is the first Finnish gypsy writer who managed to get published by a leading publishing house and to gain a large public outside of his own ethnic group. Drawing on Marc Augé’s theory of nonplaces, the article examines how Jewish and Gypsy identities in Katz’s and Baltzar’s works are questioned in relation to the major geopolitical transformations of the 20th century and the modernization of Finnish society in the 1950s and 60s, showing how sub-and transnational networks connect individuals with traditional communities engaged in a difficult process of redefinition and adaptation. The analysis contextualizes the novels within the tradition of Finnish literature and includes an overview of the construction of Finnish culture in the 19th century and the codifications of space and nation it produced.
Prospero. Rivista di letterature e culture straniere
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Harri Veivo, "Les espaces ethniques «tzigane» et «juif» dans les interstices de la culture finnoise: les premiers romans de Veijo Baltzar et Daniel Katz", in: Prospero. Rivista di letterature e culture straniere, XVII (2012), pp. 301-320.