Il “ragno” nazionalista: l’esperienza di Patria y Libertad nel Cile di Salvador Allende
The Frente Nacionalista Patria y Libertad (Fnpyl) was a far-right political movement in Chile of President Salvador Allende (1970-1973) founded by the lawyer Pablo Rodriguez-Grez im-mediately after the victory of the left coalition Unitad Popular. The purpose of movement was to fight the so-called «Marxist dictatorship» of Allende. Fnpyl militants clashed with govern-ment supporters, participated in strikes led by opposition parties and anti-communist trade unions, and played a role in planned coup d’etat that anticipated Pinochet’s 1973 coup. Fnpyl received CIA money to destabilize Chile. The corporate and undemocratic program of Patria y Libertad was inspired by the Spanish Falange of José Antonio Primo De Rivera. After the coup of 11 September 1973, the movement was dissolved like all the other parties from the military junta.
Qualestoria. Rivista di storia contemporanea
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Marco Cuzzi, "Il 'ragno' nazionalista: l’esperienza di Patria y Libertad nel Cile di Salvador Allende" in: "Qualestoria. Rivista di storia contemporanea. L, N.ro 1, Giugno 2022", EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 2022, pp. 267-285