La Metafisica dell’incarnazione
What does the claim that God ‘became human’ - as the Nicaean Creed states - mean, philosophically? What does becoming human involve? How can a person be both divine and human? The claim that a divine being became human while remaining divine too may be examined without doctrinal commitments. Considered in abstraction, the issue concerns the philosophical possibility that one being would have two essential natures that are inconsistent with each other. The incarnation of a divine mind into a human body challenges our criteria of individuation of substances as much as, for instance, the incarnation of a human mind into a computer. This is the reason why the study of the incarnation has a significant heuristic value from a philosophical point of view; this is shown by the number and ingenuity of metaphysical models put forward to explain the incarnation, by philosophers and theologians since the Nicaea council.