Evolution as a way of intertwining: regional approach and new data on the Halaf-Ubaidtransition in Northern Mesopotamia
Baldi, Johnny Samuele
The Ubaid represents a fundamental phase for the emergence of social complexity and is the first cultural phaenomenon having spread throughout almost the entire Fertile Crescent. A long-lasting debate exists about the modalities of this expansion, while its chronology – around the last quarter of the sixth millennium BC – is generally considered as well established. However, recent reassessments of some ancient radiocarbon dates and ceramic data from the whole Ubaid sphere clearly suggest that the chronology of the emergence of the Ubaid is as controversial as the modalities of this process. On the basis of new data from northern Mesopotamia and the northern Levant, this paper focuses on the Halaf-Ubaid Transition, as well as on the contact between the Ubaid and other cultural entities in Levantine areas generally considered as external to the Ubaid sphere. Technical and morpho-stylistic analysis of some sixth millennium assemblages seems to suggest that the Ubaid expansion could have begun much earlier than generally imagined and could have implied very frequent and deep cultural relations with other Mesopotamian and Levantine cultures.
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Johnny Samuele Baldi, "Evolution as a way of intertwining: regional approach and new data on the Halaf-Ubaidtransition in Northern Mesopotamia", in: Marco Iamoni (Edited by), "From the Prehistory of Upper Mesopotamia to the Bronze and Iron Age Societies of the Levant. Volume 1. Proceedings of the 5th “Broadening Horizons” Conference (Udine 5-8 June 2017)", Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020, pp. 71-87
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