I mostri dell’Occidente medievale: fonti e diffusione di razze umane mostruose, ibridi ed animali fantastici
In the Middle Ages, monsters are everywhere: in bestiaries, in travel literature, in encyclopedias, in novels, but also in sermons performed in the Church. Monsters are widespread in art, particularly in the Romanesque and Gothic periods in religious sculpture and miniature. Monsters in the Middle Ages include monstrous human breeds, such as chinocephalous and acephalous, fantastic animals such as griffon, basilisk, unicorn and hybrids, but there were also plant hybrids such as vegetable duck or vegetable lamb. The great success of monsters during the Middle Ages is not due to ignorance or ingenuity, because the roots of monsters are very deep and varied: medieval monsters are the result of the Greek-Roman heritage and the contributions of the Middle and Far East, of oral traditions, of Christianity, but also of mistakes in copying and errors of perception.
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Sara Sebenico, "I mostri dell’Occidente medievale: fonti e diffusione di razze umane mostruose, ibridi ed animali fantastici", Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2005, pp. 265