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Title: Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration involving the effect of environmental pollutants on dna repair enzymes
Authors: Antoniali, Giulia
et al.
Keywords: MINAenvironmental pollutantsneurodegenerationcadmium
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Giulia Antoniali, Elena Casarano, Federica Marcuzzi, Carlo Vascotto, Gianluca Tell, Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration involving the effect of environmental pollutants on dna repair enzymes, in S. Passamonti, S. Gustincich, T. Lah Turnšek, B. Peterlin, R. Pišot, P. Storici (Eds.), Cross-border Italy-Slovenia biomedical research: are we ready for horizon 2020? Conference proceedings with an analysis of innovation management and knowledge transfer potential for a smart specialization strategy. Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2014, pp. 146-151
Several works suggest that oxidative DNA damage and alterations of DNA repair enzymes in
neuronal cells contribute to the onset of neurodegenerative diseases and neuronal cancer. Cadmium is
a common environmental pollutant able to induce oxidative stress leading to the activation of neuronal
death pathways and it is also able to inhibit specific DNA repair enzymes of the BER (Base Excision Repair)
pathway, the principle cellular way for repairing oxidative DNA damages. One of these enzymes is APE1, a
small multifunctional protein that, besides its key role in the BER pathway, has also a redox function important
for the control of the intracellular redox state and for the regulation of gene expression. Furthermore, some
papers report its contribution both in neuronal protection from oxidative damage and in the development of
neurodegenerative diseases. However, the possible involvement of APE1 and of the BER pathway in cadmiuminduced
neuronal cell damage is still unknown.
Type: Book Chapter
ISBN: 978-88-8303-572-2
eISBN: 978-88-8303-573-9
Appears in Collections:Trans2Care, 2014. Cross-Border Italy-Slovenia Biomedical Research. Are we ready for Horizon 2020?

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