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Title: The effect of consensuality on metacognitive judgments in syllogistic reasoning
Authors: Bajšanski, Igor
Močibob, Maja
Valerjev, Pavle
Keywords: metacognitionsyllogistic reasoningjudgment accuracy
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Igor Bajšanski, Maja Močibob, Pavle Valerjev, "Finger-Montring Configurations Affect Arabic-Number Processing in Left Hemisphere" in: Paolo Bernardis, Carlo Fantoni, Walter Gerbino (eds.) "TSPC2014. Proceedings of the Trieste Symposium on Perception and Cognition, November 27-28", Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2014, pp. 88-90.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the relation of the consensuality of answers in syllogistic reasoning problems to metacognitive judgments and response times. In two experiments, participants (N=126) solved syllogistic problems and made metacognitive judgments (judgment of confidence in the correctness of the answer and judgment of task difficulty), after or before solving each problem. Intraindividual correlation coefficients (Goodman-Kruskal gamma coefficient) between reasoning accuracy and metacognitive judgments and between answer consensuality and metacognitive judgments were computed from the joint data of both experiments. Mean gamma coefficients were higher for consensuality than for reasoning accuracy both for judgments of confidence and judgments of task difficulty. Also, consensual answers were given more quickly than nonconsensual answers. The results indicate that reasoners, instead of monitoring their actual performance, seem to rely on different type of cues while making metacognitive judgments in syllogistic reasoning. Both consensuality and its relation to metacognitive judgments could be the outcome of processes of the generation of possible answers while solving syllogistic reasoning problems.
eISBN: 978-88-8303-610-1
Appears in Collections:TSPC2014: Proceedings of the Trieste Symposium on Perception and Cognition, November 27th-28th 2014

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