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Title: Culti dell’antica Capua in età imperiale attraverso due casi di studio: il Mitreo e il tempio di via de Gasperi a Santa Maria Capua Vetere
Authors: Sirano, Francesco
Keywords: AltarCapuaFortunahypogaeumMithraMithreaeumSacellumShrineSacred FurnishingVenusWall paintings
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2016
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Francesco Sirano, “Culti dell’antica Capua in età imperiale attraverso due casi di studio: il Mitreo e il tempio di via de Gasperi a Santa Maria Capua Vetere”, in: "Sacrum facere. Atti del III Seminario di Archeologia del Sacro. Lo spazio del ‘sacro’: ambienti e gesti del rito.” a cura di Federica Fontana ed Emanuela Murgia, Trieste, 3-4 ottobre 2014", EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 2016, pp. 273-311
Series/Report no.: Polymnia: Collana di Scienze dell'Antichità. Studi di Archeologia
The paper examined two religious buildings in central areas of the ancient Capua: the so-called shrine
of the “via de Gasperi” (discovered in 1980) and the Mithraeum (1922) linked by the chronology
(full imperial age) and by spaces underground and darken with limited access and installations to
attend the rites. The layout of either of two examples gave to the involved people the opportunity to
follow a path, to stay in, to interact with structures and consacrated fornitures. In both cases the wall
paintings were not a sheer decorum, but was specially designed to create a appropriated atmosphere
for the rites. In both cases they provide two different register of representation: one formal and most
noble, the second most popular was focused on the partecipation and the self identification of the
audience (the faithfuls in the “Sacello di via A. de Gasperi”; the initiates at the Mithraeum). In the
first case it appear to be female rites, or however rites where the female element played a prominent
role; in the second it is instead the masculine element that is set in evidence whereas the rare female
images belong to the divine sphere or to symbolic personifications. Thus it seems to me that they
was spaces designed to respond to specifics cultual end ritual needs of the big urban community of
ancient Capua between the I and III century A.D.
Type: Book Chapter
ISBN: 978-88-8303-679-8
eISBN: 978-88-8303-680-4
Appears in Collections:Polymnia. Studi di archeologia n.07

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