Un’analisi comparativa dello sprawl nei sistemi urbani di Avellino e Benevento
A comparative analysis of the sprawl in the urban systems of Avellino and Benevento
The researches regarding the urban sprawl, which refers, as it is known, to a model of expansion of the cit-ies characterized by low-density housing and high urban fragmentation and dispersion, have has always been conducted from the prospective of growth, as result of the intense processes of urbanization that have redesigned Western cities over the last two centuries (Bencardino, 2015a). So, if in some regions there is a growth that occurs within the limited borders of the city, leading to an urban densification, in others, there is a suburbanization with a consequent urban sprawl. More recently, many «European regions are already facing population decline and a quasi surplus of urban land». In fact, the implications of an aging population and migration to the suburbs are felt in many cities of the continent, both in large attracting cities and in shrinking cities (cities in decline), generating many prob-lems concerning the cost of public services, the increase of traffic and pollution (Siedentop, 2010). Therefore, this paper aims to show the demographic dynamics and a measure of the spatial expansion of the built-up area in two middle-sized towns of the inland areas of Campania and, through this, to conduct an analysis of the most complex phenomenon of urban sprawl in relation to housing demand. So, in this paper, a physical and anthropic correlation index between the changes of the built-up areas, seen as a measure of the taken land, and the demographic changes is proposed. Finally, the urban system has been chosen as analytical context. In fact, it became very effective contextu-alize the extent of urban evolution to a specific phase of the cycle of life of the city, according to the model of Van den Berg.
Bollettino dell'Associazione Italiana di Cartografia
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Massimiliano Bencardino, “Un’analisi comparativa dello sprawl nei sistemi urbani di Avellino e Benevento”, in: Bollettino dell'Associazione Italiana di Cartografia, 157 (2016), pp. 27-40