CONTENTS / SOMMARIO
Bini Elisabetta, Londero Igor
Part I - Civilian Uses of Nuclear Energy
Atoms for Peace (and War): US Forms of Influence on Italy’s Civilian Nuclear Energy Programs (1945-1964)
Political Uncertainty and Technological Development: The Controversial Case of AGIP Nucleare (1956-1962)
Italy, Euratom and Early Research on Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion (1957-1962)
Italy in the European Fusion Programme during the 1980s: A Preliminary Overview
Zorzoli G. B.
Did the Italian Decision Makers Understand that Nuclear Is Not Business as Usual?
Part II - Military Aspects of Nuclear Power
A Never-Ending Story: The Italian Contribution to FIG
Italy as a Hedging State? The Problematic Ratification of the Non-Proliferation Treaty
Energy Independence vs. Nuclear Safeguards: the US Attitude toward the European Fast Breeder Reactors Program
Italy’s Role in the Implementation of the Dual-Track Decision
Part III - Public Opinion and Anti-nuclear Movements
Italian Mass Media and the Atom in the 1960s: The Memory of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Peaceful Atom (1963-1967)
Italian Science Fiction, Nuclear Technologies: Narrative Strategies Between the 'Two Cultures' (1950s-1970s)
Against Euromissiles: Anti-nuclear Movements in 1980s Italy (1979-1984)
Baracca Angelo, Craparo Saverio, Livi Roberto, Ruffo Stefano
The Role of Physics Students at the University of Florence in the Early Italian Anti-nuclear Movements (1975-1987)
Part IV - The Role of Scientists and Scientific Research
Nuclear Energy and Science Policy in Post-war Italy
"Many Countries Will Have the Bomb: There Will Be Hell": Edoardo Amaldi and the Italian Physicists Committed to Disarmament, Arms Control and Détente
An Unusual Partnership: Brazilian-Italian Forms of Cooperation in the Nuclear Field (1951-1986)
Ferrari Ruffino Giorgio
A Particular Experience: How a Nuclear Expert Became an Antinuke
This book examines the history of Italy’s nuclear policies
during the Cold War, by placing the Italian case in an international
and comparative framework. It analyzes the ways in which international
politics and economics, technological and scientific exchanges,
as well as social and cultural movements, influenced Italian nuclear policies, both civilian and military. The essays – divided into four sections devoted to “Civilian Uses of Nuclear Energy”, “Military Aspects of Nuclear Power”, “Public Opinion and Anti-nuclear Movements”,
and “The Role of Scientists and Scientific Research” – use new
methodological tools and incorporate a variety of approaches coming from different disciplines, such as the history of science, Science
and Technology Studies, international relations, business history,
literature and media studies, and the history of social movements.
By doing so, they contribute to the growing literature about the history of nuclear policies during the twentieth century, and allow for a new understanding of the specificities – and in some ways uniqueness –
of Italy’s nuclear experience, a country characterized by a strong tradition in nuclear physics and research, which abandoned
its nuclear program much earlier than other European countries.
Elisabetta Bini is assistant professor of Contemporary History at the University of Naples Federico II. Between 2014 and 2016 she was a research fellow at the University of Trieste, where she coordinated the Nuclear Italy Research Group (Nireg). Her publications include: Atomi per la pace? Gli Stati Uniti e le politiche nucleari dell’Italia durante la Guerra fredda (Roma: Carocci, forthcoming); “Nuclear Energy in the Twentieth Century: New International Approaches”, special forum, Contemporanea 4 (2015) (with I. Londero); Oil Shock: The Crisis of 1973 and its Economic Legacy (ed., with F. Romero and G. Garavini) (London: I.B. Tauris, 2016); La potente benzina italiana. Guerra fredda e consumi di massa tra Italia, Stati Uniti e Terzo mondo (1945-1973) (Roma: Carocci, 2013).
Igor Londero received his Ph.D. in History from the University of Trieste, with a doctoral thesis titled Felice Ippolito intellettuale e grand commis. La ricerca nucleare in Italia dal dopoguerra al primo centrosinistra. His publications include Pa sopravivence, no pa l’anarchie – forme di autogestione nel Friuli terremotato. L’esperienza della tendopoli di Godo (Gemona del Friuli) (Udine: Forum editrice universitaria udinese-Istituto friulano per la storia del movimento di liberazione, 2008).
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