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Title: Biomonitoraggio di metalli in traccia tramite licheni in aree a rischio del Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Authors: Nimis, Pier Luigi
Skert, Nicola
Castello, Miris
Keywords: BiomonitoringFriuli-Venezia GiuliaItalyLichenspollutiontrace metals
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Pier Luigi Nimis, Nicola Skert, Miris Castello, "Biomonitoraggio di metalli in traccia tramite licheni in aree a rischio del Friuli-Venezia Giulia" in: "Studia Geobotanica. An international journal, Vol. 18 (1999)", EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 1999, pp. 3-49
Series/Report no.: Studia Geobotanica. An international journal
BIOMONITORING OF TRACE METALS BY LICHENS IN HIGH-RISK AREAS OF FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA (NE ITALY). This study is based on the concentrations of 16 metals in peripheral parts of the thalli of the lichen Xanthoria parietina, collected on trees satisfying standard conditions in 155 stations located in the lowlands of
Friuli-Venezia Giulia (NE ltaly), previously selected as potential high-risk areas by Regional Authorities. The interpretation of metal concentrations is based upon two maps, showing, for each metal, its distributional pattern and the degree of deviation from background (natural) conditions. The latter has been estimated through a seven-class scale based on the percentile distributions of several hundreds measurements of metal concentrations carried out in foliose lichens throughout Italy during the last ten years, using similar methods.
The joint occurrences of all metals in the stations are synthetized by maps based on three indices, an index of naturality (indicating the number of metals with concentrations within normai conditions), an index of environmental alteration (indicating the number of metals strongly deviating from the norm), and an index of potential toxicity (derived from that of alteration, with each metal weighed according to its toxicity). The Central-Southern part of the Province of Udine is the most severely affected by metals in general, while in several other stations single metals strongly deviate from normal conditions. These sites are suggested to the Regional Authorities as focal points for instrumental monitoring of environmental pollution. The introduction includes some basic considerations about epistemological, methodological and terminological matters related to the use of biomonitoring techniques.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:18 - Studia Geobotanica. An international journal - Vol. 18 (1999)

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