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Title: Aspetti morfosintattici e sociolinguistici dell'influenza dell'inglese sulla lingua russa
Authors: Straniero Sergio, Francesco
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: EUT - Edizioni Università di Trieste
Series/Report no.: Rivista internazionale di tecnica della traduzione / International Journal of Translation
Abstract: This article discusses the changes in Russian word formation under the influence of English grammar, especially the compound formation rules. A useful feature of the English language is that a noun can be used as an adjective, providing information about another noun. Compounds are simply elements strung together without any markers, characterized by attributive or appositional relationships betweeen the head and the modifier. In English, the head of a compound is the last word, and compound nouns that consist of more than two words can be constructed recursively by combining two words at a time. It is also possible to have syntactic compounds, embedded constructions and hyphenated compounds. Russian shows a great flexibility in phonetically and morphologically adapting not only single words (loans and calques), but also compound formation patterns borrowed from English, particularly the modifier/head principle. Moreover, the process of borrowing may give rise to phenomena such as semantic extension and semantic duplication. Finally, examples will be given of how the influence of English is linked to the sociolinguistic notion of prestige and “discourse attuning”.
Description: pp.63-73
Appears in Collections:Rivista internazionale di tecnica della traduzione n.09 - 2006

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