Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMorar-Vulcu, Călinit
dc.identifier.citationCălin Morar-Vulcu. "Unreliable Allies: the Peasants in the Romanian Early Communist Discourse (1948-1965)" in: "Words of Power, the Power of Words. The Twentieth-Century Communist Discourse in International Perspective", Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2019, pp. 261-278it
dc.description.abstractIn the Romanian official discourse and particularly in its Stalinist phase, the peasantry is the object of a constant effort of definition and identity construction, which parallels the collectivization of Romanian agriculture. I examine this process at two levels, lexico-grammatical and conceptual, using tools borrowed from social semiotics and metaphor analysis and I compare the resulting patterns of this process of identity construction with those of other social actors, such as the working class and the women. The discourse uses several meaning-making tools to construe the identity of the peasantry: classification (resulting in sub-entities with different entitlements such as poor and middle peasantry), collectivisation (aggregation of individual actors in a collective actor) and generic reference (prototypical definitions of ‘the peasant’). The peasantry is also passivisized, that is, it is represented as predominantly acted upon by other actors. As regards the metaphors mostly used to talk and write about peasantry, I identify four main frameworks: spatial (container and positional metaphors), physical (inertial, gravitational metaphors), biological (body metaphor) and anthropomorphic. Particularly relevant is – via anthropomorphic metaphors – the relationship with the working class, structured around the topics of alliance, help and contract. The peasantry appears as a fragmented, manipulable, inert, unreliable, semi-conscious and self-interested actor, situated in an inferior position compared to other actors. The features of the peasantry are essentialised and considered immutable. The analysis also helps to outline the political community envisaged in Stalinism: a fixed distribution of places and socio-economic functions reminiscent of
dc.publisherEUT Edizioni Università di Triesteit
dc.relation.ispartofStudi di Storiait
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internazionale*
dc.titleUnreliable Allies: the Peasants in the Romanian Early Communist Discourse (1948-1965)it
dc.typeBook Chapterit
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
Appears in Collections:06 Words of Power, the Power of Words. The Twentieth-Century Communist Discourse in International Perspective
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
11-Morar-Vulcu_261-278.pdf161.6 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Show simple item record

CORE Recommender

Page view(s)

checked on Aug 15, 2022


checked on Aug 15, 2022

Google ScholarTM



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons