Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/29376
Title: The Ecuadorian Left during Global Crisis: Republican Democracy, Class Struggle and State Formation (1919-1946)
Authors: Coronel, Valeria
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Valeria Coronel, "The Ecuadorian Left during Global Crisis: Republican Democracy, Class Struggle and State Formation (1919-1946)" in: "Words of Power, the Power of Words. The Twentieth-Century Communist Discourse in International Perspective", Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2019, pp. 315-337
Journal: Studi di Storia
Abstract: 
This essay studies the Ecuadorian left in its specific organizational forms as well as examining
its interventions in spaces of dialogue and dispute with other political forces such
as the public sphere and in State formation. It examines the press and different spaces
of leftist participation in political contestations concerning collective action and the
organs of the state. It is suggested that the emergence of the Ecuadorian left was rooted
in the press and other political organizations closely aligned with Alfarist radicalism,
and that within the context of the crisis of 1920 the left adopted notions of justice that
had been previously popularized during the democratic revolution, combining them
with the discourse of twentieth century revolutions, including Russian, Mexican and
Peruvian variants of Marxism. The Ecuadorian left had notable successes between the
1920s-1940s, challenging conservative rights, fascism and the threat of the transnational
oligarchy; it instigated discourses of the national popular State that successfully
connected regional and ethnic identities in the popular imaginary, it promoted popular
organization and demanded public recognition of popular causes; and it participated
in the political life of the State and its reform. While it had only limited success at the
electoral level, it nevertheless maintained a notable presence in the legislative arena, the
army, in agrarian politics, labor policy, education and in democratic representation. The left marked the public sphere with a characteristic cultural production that combined
notions of radical modernity with notions of popular culture, in the process managing
to displace Spanish intellectual currents in these cultural disputes. From the end of the
IIWW, the Ecuadorian state formed by the left and by popular struggle became the
main target of the counterrevolution, unifying the oligarchies in their attempt to configure
a modern right, and catching the attention of the political intelligence agencies of
the Western Hemisphere during the Cold War. The left associated with the beginnings
of neoliberalism nevertheless maintained a somewhat distrustful gaze upon this previous
stage of the national popular left.
Type: Book Chapter
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/29376
ISBN: 978-88-5511-086-0
eISBN: 978-88-5511-087-7
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internazionale
Appears in Collections:06 Words of Power, the Power of Words. The Twentieth-Century Communist Discourse in International Perspective

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