Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/29526
Title: The Concept of Punishment in Plato’s Eschatological Myths
Authors: Konrádová, Veronika
Keywords: Platoeschatological mythspunishmentjudgementsoul
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Veronika Konrádová, "The Concept of Punishment in Plato’s Eschatological Myths" in: "Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2019) XXI/3", EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 2019, pp. 571-582
Journal: Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics 
Abstract: 
The paper focuses on Plato´s concept of punishment from the perspective of the eschatological
myths in the Gorgias, the Phaedo and the Republic. The fundamental message of all three mythical
accounts is found in the attempt to visualize the unseen life of the soul, with special attention
to the conditions of its proper activity. The special issue of its rewards and punishments is not
restricted to the afterlife experience of the soul but is primarily related to the here-and-now perspective
of the incarnated life. Instead of the consequentialist vision of a post mortem destiny
punishing past wrongdoing, the proposed interpretation stresses the actual concern with our present
situation. Given the intrinsic value of virtue (and the corresponding badness of vice), the
platonic images of the afterlife could be read as an intensification of human experience during
this life. Closely related topics – the process of judgement and the method and effect of punishment
– are outlined in further detail. Here, the paper points out Plato´s transformative approach
to the function of punishment. Against the background of the contemporary Athenian legal system,
Plato offers a philosophic alternative of cultivating the soul through the power of dialectical
examination and Socratic elenchos.
Type: Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/29526
ISSN: 1825-5167
DOI: 10.13137/1825-5167/29526
License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internazionale
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Appears in Collections:Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2019) XXI/3

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This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons