Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/30130
Title: Bernard Bolzano
Authors: Van Wierst, Pauline
Keywords: Scientific methodologyLogical consequenceScientific explanationMetodologia scientificaConseguenza logicaSpiegazione scientifica
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Pauline Van Wierst, "Bernard Bolzano", in "APhEx 14", 2016, pp. 49
Journal: APhEx 
Abstract: 
Bernard Bolzano (1781 – 1848) was a Bohemian polymath who made important contributions in philosophy, mathematics, theology, and most of all in what he saw as the foundation of these sciences: logic. He developed a logic based on abstract propositions and ideas in themselves, which enabled him to rigorously define logical concepts such as consequence, validity, and the analytic-synthetic distinction. His unpreceededly extensive writings on scientific explanation inspired and keep inspiring the contemporary debate on grounding. Bolzano presented a definition of the natural numbers in terms of collections akin to Frege's, and his refelections on the mathematical infinite were admired by Peirce, Cantor, and Dedekind.

Bernard Bolzano (1781 – 1848) fu un eclettico pensatore boemo che diede importanti contributi in filosofia, matematica, teologia, e sopratutto in ciò che egli considerava il fondamento di tutte queste discipline: la logica. Sviluppò una logica basata su proposizioni e idee in sé, che gli permise di definire in maniera rigorosa i concetti logici di conseguenza, validità, e analitico-sintetico. I suoi scritti sulla spiegazione scientifica hanno ispirato e continuano ad ispirare il dibattito contemporaneo sul grounding. Bolzano fornì inoltre una definizione dei numeri naturali in termini di collezioni molto simile a quella di Frege, e le sue riflessioni sull'infinito matematico furono ammirate da Peirce, Cantor e Dedekind.
Type: Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/30130
ISSN: 2036-9972
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Appears in Collections:14 APhEx num 14, anno 2016

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