Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/30264
Title: Natural History, Racial Classification and Anthropology in J.F. Blumenbach’s Work and Reception
Authors: MARINO MARIO 
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Mario Marino, "Natural History, Racial Classification and Anthropology in J.F. Blumenbach’s Work and Reception", in: Cinzia Ferrini (Edited by), "Human Diversity in Context", Trieste EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2020, pp. 43-73
Abstract: 
Against the background of the paradigm shift in natural history that took place in the late eighteenth century, the influential works of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840), De generis humani varietate nativa, Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, Beyträge zur Naturgeschichte, published beetween the last three decades of the eighteenth cnetury and the beginning of the nineteenth, offered the first modern racial classification of human varieties. This essay discusses the development of such an intellectual enterprise by especially focusing on the role of climatic and cultural factors in the variation of human nature, the theoretical presuppositions and methodological foundation of craniological classification and the alternative between variety and race. The aim is to show the theoretical, methodical and conceptual shifts as well as the ambivalences inherent to Blumenbach’s classification. Highlighting these arguable aspects would help to understand their controversial reception in the anthropology and history of science of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Type: Book
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/30264
ISBN: 978-88-5511-112-6
eISBN: 978-88-5511-113-3
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internazionale
Appears in Collections:Human Diversity in Context

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