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Title: Il disincanto del dottor Reis. Un eteronimo eccellente tra Orazio, Pessoa, Saramago
Authors: Ariemma, Enrico Maria
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Enrico Maria Ariemma, “Il disincanto del dottor Reis. Un eteronimo eccellente tra Orazio, Pessoa, Saramago”, in: CentoPagine, III (2009), pp. 78-90
Ricardo Reis is one of the most important of Fernando Pessoa's heteronyms. He embodies a
special kind of wisdom, based on passivity and acceptance of the destiny. His style is highly refined
and disciplined, revealing his classical education of cultured man who read Greek and Latin
authors. In particular, Horace's Odes seem to be his major model; this paper aims to recognize, in a
close intertextual analysis, how some themes and topics of high relevance (e. g. carpe diem) has
been received and transformed by the latter poet. The female 'speaking' name of Lidia is another
obvious point of interference of the two writers, and provides a starting point for a brief additional
analysis involving Josè Saramago's novel O ano da morte de Ricardo Reis, published in 1984.
Saramago seeks successfully to generate a striking contradiction between the heteronymic creation
and its recreation in the novel. The 'new' Ricardo Reis is now placed inside the real world that
surrounds him, and involved in a love relationship with the hotel maid Lidia, a woman which
experiments a 'special' form of carpe diem.
Type: Article
ISSN: 19740395
Appears in Collections:CentoPagine 2009

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