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Title: Un’etica dell’aggressività: considerazioni sul pensiero di Arnold Gehlen
Authors: Rasini, Vallori
Keywords: GehlenLorenzEibl-Eibensfeld
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Vallori Rasini, "Un’etica dell’aggressività: considerazioni sul pensiero di Arnold Gehlen", in: Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics, XI (2009) 2, pp. 399-411.
Series/Report no.: Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics
XI (2009) 2
Abstract: Arnold Gehlen, one of the major representatives of contemporary Philosophical Anthropology in Germany, was a staunch conservative and a supporter of the Nazi Regime. In accordance with recent ethological studies carried out between the 50s and the 60s, particularly by Konrad Lorenz and Irenäus Eibl-Eibensfeld, Gehlen gave a new value of instinct in human behaviour. A decisive role was attributed especially to aggressive impulses. Human beings are biologically defective and they can survive only with a particular strategy: they have to act to change the conditions of their natural life, and aggressive impulses, translated into work and self-assertion, are a warranty of good outcome. According to Gehlen, aggressiveness is necessary, but also problematic, because it needs to be expressed. Contemporary Western societies are characterized by high comfort and little hard work; democracy does not need violent fights, and aggressiveness is repressed. Ultimately, concludes Gehlen, these Societies are founded on principles that produce a decadent culture which, in its turn, leads to non stabilized situations. Therefore he forebode the return of the virtues of war and those of strong States based on hierarchical organizations. What he seems to propose, then, is an aggressive government for an aggressive nature.
ISSN: 1825-5167
Appears in Collections:Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2009) XI /2

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