Libertà, giustizia e bene in una società pluralistica
Freedom, Justice, and Good in a Pluralistic Society
In this essay the author shows what human beings share in a pluralistic society: on one side the great principles of speculative reason and, on the other side and above all, the great principles of practical reason (synteresis). In order to actualise these ancient suggestions the author underlines, the theme of mutual recognition, which passes through the best part of ethical and political contemporary thought. Within the notion of mutual recognition, terms like good, justice, freedom acquire their right and original meaning. Good what permits the flowering of my life; good is, therefore, to love myself; but I can love myself only by loving others as the ones who can make such flowering possible. Justice is to give everyone what he deserves. But what everyone deserves is to be recognised as a (transcendental) subjectivity. Freedom does not mean unconditioned arbitrary, but freedom to do good things. Since the first objective good, historically speaking, is the other’s-being-there for me, freedom means, another time, freedom of recognising others as a good for me. Therefore doing, at the same time and in a certain order, my good through the other’s good and the other’s good through mine. Political good, if we remain at a molecular level.
Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics
III (2001) 2
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Carmelo Vigna, "Libertà, giustizia e bene in una società pluralistica", in: Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics, III (2001) 2