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|Title:||Le nuove scoperte e il nuovo contesto della ricerca bio-medica||Authors:||Di Bernardo, Mirko||Keywords:||Experimental medicine; mind/body problem; embodiment processes; complexity theory||Issue Date:||2011||Publisher:||EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste||Source:||Mirko Di Bernardo, "Le nuove scoperte e il nuovo contesto della ricerca bio-medica", in: Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics, XIII (2011) 2, pp. 12-41||Series/Report no.:||Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics
XIII (2011) 2
The article focuses on the cultural ambience which, between the second half of the eigh-teenth century and the first half of the nineteenth century, mainly in Germany and partly in France, has been the theatre of that very medical-scientific revolution – a revolution connected to G. Reinold Treviranus’ biology, A. von Haller and F. J. Gall’s experimental works, L. Pasteur’s germ theory, as well as R. Virchow’s cellular pathology, Cabanis and De Tracy’s researches and C. Bernard’s experimental medicine –, which has contributed decisively to transform the “beneficial primitive technophile” in the present “health pro-duction technology”. In such a context, we underline the role of the great French philo-sophes regarding the methodological turning point (from metaphysics to observation and then science) and thus the erosion of the “great division” between the human species and other animal species. The consequence has been the new “anthropological” relief of the di-mension of corporeity. Particularly, this work lingers over two fundamental points: the new comprehension of the “physiology” of man (by the Idéologues) which lays the founda-tions of the mind/body problem and the intuition, from philosophers like Kant and Hegel, of the teleological principle of self-organization of life. The conclusive part, by revisiting these two aspects in consideration of the new scenarios opened by the contemporary theory of complexity in the scientific field, highlights how the present directions of research about cognitive functionalities, in continuity with the process of “embodiment of thought” started by the second half of the eighteenth century, tend to distance themselves from the computational matrix which has originally generated them to come more and more near an interpretation which sees the mind as “embodied”, situated and distributed.
|Appears in Collections:||Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2011) XIII/2|
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