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Title: A new microsimulation model for the evaluation of traffic safety performances
Authors: Astarita, Vittorio
Guido, Giuseppe
Vitale, Alessandro
Giofré, Vincenzo
Keywords: Traffic simulationRoad safetyVideo traffic detection
Issue Date: 14-Mar-2012
Series/Report no.: European Transport / Trasporti Europei
Some papers have been recently presented (Cunto and Saccomanno 2007, Cunto and Saccomanno 2008, Saccomanno et al. 2008) on the potential of traffic microsimulation for the analysis of road safety. In particular, studies have confirmed that the reproduction by simulation of user behaviour under different flow and geometry conditions, can identify a potential incident hazard and allow to take appropriate countermeasures at specific points of the road network.
The objective of this paper is to assess the validity of this approach; for this reason a microsimulation model and an automatic video detection system have been developed. The microscopic model allows the estimation of road safety performance through a series of indicators (Deceleration Rate to Avoid Crash, Time to Collision, Proportion of Stopping Distance), representing interactions in real time, between different pairs of vehicles belonging to the traffic stream. When these indicators take a certain critical value, a possible accident scenario is identified.
The microscopic simulation model is used combined with a new video image traffic detection algorithm to calculate vehicle trajectories. Microscopic traffic flow parameters obtained by video detection are used to calibrate the microsimulation model, and the safety performance indicators obtained by the real vehicles trajectories can be compared with simulated scenarios where safety performance indicators are obtained on the simulated trajectories.
Results indicate that the methodology can be useful in the estimation of safety performance indicators and in evaluating traffic control measures.
Type: Article
ISSN: 1825-3997
Appears in Collections:European Transport / Trasporti Europei (2012) 51/XVII

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