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Title: Review of underground logistic systems in the Netherlands: an ex-post evaluation of barriers, enablers and spin-offs
Authors: Wiegmans, Bart W.
Visser, Johan
Konings, Rob
Pielage, Ben-Jaap A.
Keywords: Innovation managementUnderground freight transport
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
Source: Wiegmans, B.W., Visser, J., Konings, R., Pielage, B.-J.A. (2010) Review of underground logistic systems in the Netherlands: an ex-post evaluation of barriers, enablers and spin-offs, European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, 45, pp. 34-49.
Series/Report no.: European Transport / Trasporti Europei
Now, 10 years after the first plans, we analyse in this paper what has happened with Underground
Logistic Systems (ULS). The major question in this paper is: Which barriers and enablers led to the
failure of ULS and what ULS spin-offs can be found nowadays? Several factors can be classified as
barriers or enablers. The main conclusions that can be drawn are that the opportunities for try-out were
too limited; political support could have been gained on higher levels; the costs were too high, the
catchment area was too limited; ULS in itself is a very promising system, but there was no one clear goal.
In particular, the lack of a thorough and positive business model in combination with a lack of sufficient
freight volumes almost immediately guaranteed the failure of the initiative. The spin-offs seem to have
taken place in different directions: ranging from rather soft impacts (e.g. scientific knowledge) to more
hard developments (adopting and developing transport and tunnelling technologies), and, although
difficult to quantify, they are of great value.
Type: Article
ISSN: 1825-3997
Appears in Collections:European Transport / Trasporti Europei (2010) 45/XV

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