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Title: Implementation of LiDAR data in hydrological model TOPMODEL for predicting flood: Monticano River case study
Authors: Khodayari, Nahid
Supervisore/Tutore: Marson, Iginio
Cosupervisore: Caroni, Elpidio
Coren, Franco
Yari, Sadegh
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2012
Publisher: Università degli studi di Trieste
Abstract: The semi-distributed rainfall-runoff model, TOPOMODEL is applied to predict the ‎response of Monticano River basin to rain events. TOPMODEL is a topographic based ‎model in which the topographic index has an essential role. Topographic index is a ‎function of the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) resolution. ‎ The high resolution LiDAR data with 1-2 points per meter square, is used as ‎topographic data to generate DEMs, calculate the topographic index as well as extracting ‎the hydrological features. Due to significant effect of the DEM resolution on the ‎topographic index and hydrological features accuracy, different DEMs with 25 m, 50 m, ‎‎100 m and 200 m grid size are generated using LiDAR data. Comparing the density ‎function of topographic index with different resolutions indicate that by decreasing the ‎resolution there is a shift toward the higher values as well as increasing the topographic ‎constant λ from 7.36 for 25 m resolution to 10.32 corresponding to 200 m grid size.‎ TOPMODEL is applied to simulate the six events namely; 20-21 December 1997, 6-7 ‎November 2000, 10-12 August 2002, 21-23 January 2003 , 31 October-1November 2004 ‎and 22-26 December 2009. The model successfully simulates flood levels, with respect to ‎both their extent and to peak time.‎ The sensitivity analysis for scale parameter m and lateral transmissivity T0 shows that ‎the coefficient m affects much more than T0 on the hydrograph shape and peak value.‎ The effect of DEM resolution on the model results is examined. The model results are ‎different, but the differences are very small except for events 2003 and 2009. The results ‎of simulations based on 25 m grid size are very close to those of 50 m grid size, while the ‎simulated discharges using 100 m and 200 m grid size are overestimated.‎ The efficiency of the simulations are calculated for all events using different ‎topographic index distributions. The efficiency of model is in a range of 0.86 for event ‎‎2009 to 0.99 for event 2002. The high values of efficiency can be due to effect of accurate ‎topographic index distribution and hydrological features extracted from high resolution ‎topographic data.‎ The simulation based on DEM with 25 m resolution shows slightly higher efficiency ‎values. This means that generating higher resolution DEM with respect to suggested 50 m ‎grid size for TOPMODEL, may give a more accurate output as it is evident from this ‎study.‎
Ciclo di dottorato: XXIV Ciclo
Description: 2010/2011
Keywords: Hydrological Model
LiDAR data
Language: en
Type: Doctoral Thesis
Settore scientifico-disciplinare: ICAR/05 TRASPORTI
NBN: urn:nbn:it:units-9215
Appears in Collections:Ingegneria civile e architettura

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