Gli autoritarismi e le prospettive della democrazia in Africa settentrionale e nel Medio Oriente
|3-Aug-2012||Gli autoritarismi e le prospettive della democrazia in Africa settentrionale e nel Medio Oriente||Battera, Federico|
The breakdown of the Tunisian, Egyptian and Libyan authoritarian regimes, brought about by mass protests and causing hundreds of civilian victims, and the consequent regime crisis in most of the Arab countries underline the need for new theoretical and empirical investigation on process of transition from authoritarianism to democracy. The aim of this paper is to interpret the main differences among some of the North-African and Middle- East authoritarian regimes and explore the real prospects for change. The starting point of the analysis is a critical review of the current classifications of the authoritarianism regimes. Moving from Linz and Stepan (2000) seminal work, significant features among the authoritarian regimes will be highlighted, and it will be argued that these features are likely to affect differently the eventual transition to democracy.