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dc.contributor.authorMeloni, Chantal-
dc.identifier.citationChantal Meloni, "The Gaza Situation as a Test Bench for International Justice", in: "Sources of Law and Legal Protection", (Triestine Lecture; 1), EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2012, pp. 163-176.it_IT
dc.description.abstractThe Israeli military operation against the Gaza Strip of 27 December 2008 – 18 January 2009 (so-called Operation Cast Lead) started a critical debate at the international level on the alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Gaza. In September 2009 the UN Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict presented its results: the Goldstone Report, named after the president of the mission, found that grave violations of international law, humanitarian law and human rights had been committed by both sides of the conflict, but in particular by the Israeli side. The report also denounced the possible commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity and called for proper accountability mechanisms at the national and international level. The report’s conclusions and recommendations were endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council and by the General Assembly amidst high political pressure. In case of lack of proper domestic investigations and prosecutions, it was recommended the recourse to international justice mechanisms, and in particular to the ICC. The ICC Prosecutor in fact had opened a preliminary examination of the situation, but difficulties arose because of the uncertain status of Palestine under international law. In the meanwhile, the principle of universal jurisdiction seems to represent the only available, although difficult, option in the search for justice and accountability. The Gaza situation can be seen as a test case for international justice and sheds a light on the role of international institutions in the difficult mix of law and politics that is the feature of international justice.it_IT
dc.publisherEUT Edizioni Università di Triesteit_IT
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTriestine Lectureit_IT
dc.subjectInternational Criminal Lawit_IT
dc.subjectInternational Humanitarian Lawit_IT
dc.subjectInternational Criminal Courtit_IT
dc.subjectGoldstone Reportit_IT
dc.subjectWar Crimesit_IT
dc.titleThe Gaza Situation as a Test Bench for International Justiceit_IT
dc.typeBook chapter-
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