Towards E(lectric)- urban freight: first promising steps in the electric vehicle revolution
van Duin, J.H.R
Innovative logistics service providers are currently looking for possibilities to introduce electric vehicles for goods distribution. As electrical vehicles still suffer from a limited operation range, the logistical process faces important challenges. In this research we advise on the composition of the electrical vehicle fleet and on the configuration of the service network, to achieve a successful implementation of electric vehicl es in the innercity of Amsterdam. A d ditional question in our research is whether the CO2 emission reduces at all or might even increase due to an increase of tripkilometres as a consequence of mileage constraint s by the bat teries . The aim of the implementation of the research is to determine the ideal fleet to transport a known demand of cargo, located at a central depot , to a known set of recipients using vehicles of varying types. The problem can be classified as a Fleet S ize and Mix Vehicle Routing Problem (FSMVRP). In addition to the regular constraints that apply to the regular FSMVRP, in our case also time windows apply to the cargo that needs to be transported (FSMVRPTW). The operation range of the vehicles is constrai ned by the battery capacity. We suggest modifications to existing formulations of the FSMVRPTW to make it suitable for the application on cases with electrical vehicles. We apply the model to create an optimal fleet configuration and the service routes. I n our research case of the Cargohopper in Amsterdam, the performance of alternative fleet compositions is determined for a variety of scenarios, to assess their robustness. The main uncertainties addressed in the scenarios are the cargo composition, the op eration range of the vehicles and their operation speed. Based on our research findings in Amsterdam we conclude that the current generation of electric vehicles as a part of urban cons olidation concept have the ability to perform urban freight transport efficiently (19% reduction in vehicle kilomet res ) and meanwhile have the capability to improve air quality and reduce CO 2 - emissions by 90% , and reduce noise nuisance in the in ner cities of our (future) towns.
European Transport \ Trasporti Europei
EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste
van Duin, J.H.R., Tavasszy, L.A., Quak, H.J. (2013) Towards E(lectric)- urban freight: first promising steps in the electric vehicle revolution, European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, 54, Paper n° 9