Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/914
Title: La memoria consolatrice: riuso dei classici e ricodificazione letteraria nell'epist. 60 di S. Girolamo
Keywords: GirolamoepistolaclassiciJeromeletterclassics
Issue Date: 21-Aug-2006
Series/Report no.: Polymnia. Studi di Filologia Classica 5
Abstract: S. Girolamo, poligrafo attivissimo, ha curato poco gli aspetti stilistici e ritmici nella prosa esegetica, polemistica, omiletica e cronografica; fa eccezione a questo disinteresse l’epistolario. La lettera 60 del 396 a Eliodoro, segna una diversa e precisa scelta di stile; il recente editore Scourfield è pervenuto alla conclusione che “his letter of consolation to Heliodorus is testimony to how an emergent culture can absorb and assimilate the history and literature of the culture it is supplanting”. Da questa affermazione prende avvio l’analisi testuale che recupera le diverse fonti pagane e cristiane: si mescolano infatti la laudatio funebris pagana e il ricorso alle Scritture; Virgilio, la consolatio ad se ipsum ciceroniana (apertamente dichiarata), la meditatio mortis e il cotidie morior paolino (sulla probabile scorta del de excessu Satyri di Ambrogio). I loci della letteratura pagani citati dal santo sono nella quasi totalità di autori precristiani, come se lo spartiacque segnato dalla resurrezione di Cristo impedisse la fruibilità della letteratura non-cristiana in un’epoca illuminata da quel messaggio: l’apertura ai testi pagani è ammessa solo per quelli scritti interamente ante Christum natum.
Saint Jerome, a highly industrious polygraph, considerably neglected the stylistic and rythmic aspects of his exegetical, polemical, homiletical and chronographic prose; his epistolary, however, is in this sense a very notable exception. The ep. 60, written to Heliodorus in 396 marks a different and specific stylistic choice. Scourfield, in his recent edition, comes to the conclusion that “his letter of consolation to Heliodorus is testimony to how an emergent culture can absorb and assimilate the history and literature of the culture it is supplanting”. From this affirmation the textual analysis carried out in this paper takes its cue, recovering its diverse sources, both pagan and Christian. Indeed, in this epistle we find a combination of pagan laudatio funebris and reminiscences from the Scriptures, as well as from Virgil, the Ciceronian consolatio ad se ipsum (the latter openly declared by Jerome), and from St Paul’s meditatio mortis and cotidie morior (probably following in the footsteps of Ambrose’s de excessu Satyri). The pagan literary loci quoted by Saint Jerome are almost exclusively of pre-Christian authors; thus, it is as if the watershed marked by the Resurrection of Christ was felt to make impossible the fruition of the non-Christian literature composed in an Age illuminated by the Christan message: hence the only pagan texts which the author admits, as it were, into his own text are those written entirely ante Christum natum.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/914
ISBN: 88-8303-162-8
Rights: © Copyright 2004 Edizioni Università di Trieste - EUT
Appears in Collections:03. Incontri triestini di filologia classica (2003-2004)

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