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Title: Titration of High Frequency Percussive Ventilation by means of real-time monitoring of the viscoelastic respiratory system properties and endotracheal tubes pressure drop.
Authors: Lucangelo, Umberto
Supervisore/Tutore: Accardo, Agostino
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2014
Publisher: Università degli studi di Trieste
The use of High Frequency Percussive Ventilation (HFPV) is still debated although this type of non-conventional ventilation has proven effective and safe in patients with acute respiratory failure.
In the clinical practice, HFPV is not an intuitive ventilatory modality and the absence of real-time delivered volume monitoring produces disaffection among the physicians.
Avoiding the "volutrauma" is the cornerstone of the "protective ventilation strategy", which assumes a constant monitoring of inspiratory volume delivered to the patient. Currently the system capable of delivering HFPV is the VDR-4® (Volumetric Diffusive Respirator), which provides only analog airway pressure waveform and digital output of peak and the mean airway pressure. The latter is involved in the determination of oxygenation and hemodynamics, irrespective of the mode of ventilation. At the present time, the mean airway pressure, together with gas exchange analysis, are the only parameters that indirectly guide the physician in assessing the clinical effectiveness of HFPV. Till now, flow, volume and pressure curves generated by HFPV have never been studied in relation to the specific patients respiratory mechanics. The real-time examination of these parameters could allow the physicians to analyze and understand elements of respiratory system mechanics as compliance (Crs), resistance (Rrs), inertance (Irs) and of patient-ventilator interaction. The mechanical effects are complex and result from interactions between ventilator settings and patient’s respiratory system impedance.
The aim of this doctoral thesis was to acquire and study volume and respiratory parameters during HFPV in order to explain this complex patients-machine interaction and transfer the results in clinical practice.
Ciclo di dottorato: XXVI Ciclo
metadata.dc.subject.classification: INGEGNERIA DELL'INFORMAZIONE
Keywords: High Frequency Percussive VentilationBimedical Signal ProcessingViscoelastic respiratory system properties
Type: Doctoral
Language: en
NBN: urn:nbn:it:units-12276
Appears in Collections:Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione

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